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A country of north-central Europe west of Russia, bordering on the Baltic Sea. Settled before the 1st century ad, it was held successively between the 13th and 18th centuries by the Danes, German Livonian Knights, Swedes, and Russians. Estonia became an independent republic in 1918 but was annexed by the USSR in 1940. Occupied by Germany in 1941, it reverted to Soviet control in 1944 and was known as the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic. Full independence was gained in 1991. Tallinn is the capital and the largest city.
Estonia(ɛˈstəʊnɪə) or formerly
(Placename) a republic in NE Europe, on the Gulf of Finland and the Baltic: low-lying with many lakes and forests, it includes numerous islands in the Baltic Sea. It was under Scandinavian and Teutonic rule from the 13th century to 1721, when it passed to Russia: it was an independent republic from 1920 to 1940, when it was annexed by the Soviet Union; became independent in 1991 and joined the EU in 2004. Official language: Estonian. Religion: believers are mostly Christian. Currency: euro. Capital: Tallinn. Pop: 1 266 375 (2013 est). Area: 45 227 sq km (17 462 sq miles)
Es•to•ni•a(ɛˈstoʊ ni ə, ɛˈstoʊn yə)
a republic in N Europe, on the Baltic, S of the Gulf of Finland: an independent republic 1918–40; annexed by the Soviet Union 1940; regained independence 1991. 1,408,523; 17,413 sq. mi. (45,100 sq. km). Cap.: Tallinn.
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|Noun||1.||Estonia - a republic in northeastern Europe on the Baltic Sea|
capital of Estonia, Tallin, Tallinn - a port city on the Gulf of Finland that is the capital and largest city of Estonia
Tartu - a city of southeastern Estonia that was a member of the Hanseatic League
Livonia - a region on the Baltic that is divided between northern Estonia and southern Latvia
Europe - the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles
Estonia[eˈstəʊnɪə] N → Estonia f
Estonia[ɛˈstəʊniə] n → Estonie f
n → Estland nt