In some languages (such as, e.g., English and German), ethnonyms
are classified among names.
European racial categories--such as the ethnonyms
'Papuan' or 'Malayan'--had roots in early-modern Iberian accounts and in situated asseverations of regional otherness.
She covers Viking Age cultural contacts across the Baltic Sea: behind the interpretations; clan-based collectivists or hierarchical individualists: late prehistoric societies in the eastern Baltic; making trade: cultural landscapes and communication routes; the historical reality: places, place names, and ethnonyms
in written sources; networks take shape: communications through the eastern Baltic; west goes east: Viking Age long-distance communication and the eastern Baltic 850-ca.
(1996) 'Desperately seeking the "Merina" (central Madagascar): reading ethnonyms
and their semantic fields in African identity histories', Journal of Southern African Studies 22 (4): 541-60.
above, Gullalle, Galan, Abbichu are also toponyms, not names used just to indicate the topographic features of the lands, but also to represent lineages of the same name under the Tulama Oromo branch.
The book initially focuses on Africa's connections with the Caribbean, first on Upper Guinea, where the author examines the complex history of highly decentralized societies and the meanings of ethnonyms
found in slave trade documents of the Spanish Caribbean, and then on Angola, where he examines the many explanations of why there were so many captive children early in the slave trade from this region.
These were defined by finding ethnonyms
among the top words with probability of [greater than or equal to].002.
For each individual, one three-digit code space was provided, with the expectation that census takers would refer to a code list of fewer than 999 ethnonyms
. The census questionnaire form contained a blank line to the right side of the three-box lumyo code.
The types of errors are various, but include replacing the older name "Beow" with the eponymous "Beowulf"; rendering numerous personal names and ethnonyms
as kennings; changing the unfamiliar onomastic element "Un-" into the productive "Hun-" in "Unferth"; rendering a name as a similar word, such a geomer for Eomer; or copying a word with the correct graphemes but irregular spacing, which produced familiar morphemes that lack overall sense.
The politics of naming race and ethnicity: Language planning and policies regulating the selection of racial ethnonyms
used by the US Census 1990-2010.
For example, as he mentions, many ethnonyms
are in fact ethnicized toponyms.