Again, apart from his own scholarship, Lewis would have known the term from Tolkien, who had the Rohirrim call the pukel-men "woses." The remaining term filling out the list of evil creatures, "ettins
," is another Old English word, meaning "giants." Bilbo, in The Hobbit, passed Ettensmoor, and besides knowing the term from their adult scholarship, both Lewis and Tolkien would no doubt have read the story "The Red Ettin
" as children in Andrew Lang's The Blue Fairy Book; but at the time he was creating Narnia, Lewis may have associated "ettin
" with Tolkien's work as much as with "The Red Ettin
Ogres with monstrous teeth, and wolves, and bullheaded men; spirits of evil trees and poisonous plants; and other creatures whom I won't describe because if I did the grown-ups would probably not let you read this book--Cruels and Hags and Incubuses, Wraiths, Horrors, Efreets, Sprites, Orknies, Wooses, and Ettins
. In fact here were all those who were on the Witch's side and whom the Wolf had summoned at her command.