eukaryote

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eu·kar·y·ote

also eu·car·y·ote  (yo͞o-kăr′ē-ōt, -ē-ət)
n.
Any of various single-celled or multicellular organisms of the domain Eukaryota, characterized by cells that contain a distinct membrane-bound nucleus and by the occurrence of DNA transcription inside the nucleus and protein synthesis in the cytoplasm, in contrast to prokaryotes.

[eu- + Greek karuōtos, having nuts (from karuon, nut; see kar- in Indo-European roots).]

eu·kar′y·ot′ic (-ŏt′ĭk) adj.

eukaryote

(juːˈkærɪˌɒt) or

eucaryote

n
(Biology) any member of the Eukarya, a domain of organisms having cells each with a distinct nucleus within which the genetic material is contained. Eukaryotes include protoctists, fungi, plants, and animals. Compare prokaryote
[from eu- + karyo- + -ote as in zygote]
eukaryotic, eucaryotic adj

eu•kar•y•ote

or eu•car•y•ote

(yuˈkær iˌoʊt, -i ət)

n.
any organism with a fundamental cell type containing a distinct membrane-bound nucleus.
Compare prokaryote.
[< New Latin Eukaryota, earlier Eucaryotes (1925) “those having a true nucleus” =eu- eu- + Greek káry(on) nut, kernel (see karyo-) + New Latin -ota, -otes; see -ote]
eu•kar`y•ot′ic (-ˈɒt ɪk) adj.

eu·kar·y·ote

(yo͞o-kăr′ē-ōt)
An organism whose cells contain a nucleus surrounded by a membrane. All organisms except for bacteria, cyanobacteria, and the bacteria-like organisms known as archaea are eukaryotes. Compare prokaryote.

eukaryote

An organism whose cells have a nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.eukaryote - an organism with cells characteristic of all life forms except primitive microorganisms such as bacteria; i.e. an organism with `good' or membrane-bound nuclei in its cells
organism, being - a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
procaryote, prokaryote - a unicellular organism having cells lacking membrane-bound nuclei; bacteria are the prime example but also included are blue-green algae and actinomycetes and mycoplasma
Translations
eukaryota
EukaryotEukaryote
eucarionteeukarya
eukarüoot
aitotumainenaitotumallineneukaryootti
eucaryote
איקריוטיים
eukariot
eukaryota
heilkjörnungur
eukaryota
eukaryota
eukaryoten
eukaryota
References in periodicals archive ?
Este eucarionte unicelular intestinal, descrito hace cien anos aproximadamente (5), es el unico parasito intestinal humano perteneciente al reino Chromista, en el cual tambien se encuentran las algas marrones y las diatomeas (6).
Experimentos con microscopia de fluorescencia y ELISA mostraron que VP28dsRNA fue capaz de silenciar la expresion del gen VP28, previamente clonado en un plasmido eucarionte y transfectado en la linea celular SISK, una linea celular continua derivada de rinon de lubina.
El grupo de las microalgas son un grupo heterogeneo de organismos fotosinteticos procariontes (Ciano-bacterias y verdes-azules) y eucarionte (Algas Verdes) presentan gran diversidad de especies, formas y tamanos unicelulares.
La mitocondria es una organela citoplasmatica de celulas eucarionte que produce energia en forma de ATP para la actividad celular, (1) proceso que se lleva a cabo a traves del ciclo de Krebs, cadena respiratoria (CR) o cadena de transporte de electrones (ETC, por sus siglas del ingles: Electron Transport Chain), y la fosforilacion oxidativa (OXPHOS, por su siglas del ingles oxidative phosphorylation), y participa ademas en procesos de apoptosis y senalizacion celular.
Probablemente seria mas parecido a una arquea o a una bacteria que a un organismo eucarionte, pues estos se desarrollaron ulteriormente, como veremos a continuacion.
Se ha sugerido que podria ser cercano al minimo numero de genes que necesita un eucarionte multicelular, mientras que en una bacteria deberia ser similar al estimado en Mycoplasma genitalium (solo 470 genes; Gibson y Muse, 2002).