bahuvrihi

(redirected from Exocentric compound)

ba·hu·vri·hi

 (bŭ′ho͞o-vrē′hē)
n. pl. ba·hu·vri·his
A compound word functioning as an adjective whose last element is in origin a noun. For example, in the phrase high-fiber diet, the compound high-fiber is a bahuvrihi modifying diet that ends in the noun fiber.

[Sanskrit bahuvrīhiḥ, having much rice (an example of the type) : bahu-, much + vrīhiḥ, rice.]

bahuvrihi

(ˌbɑːhuːˈvriːhiː)
n
1. (Linguistics) a class of compound words consisting of two elements the first of which is a specific feature of the second
2. (Linguistics) a compound word of this type, such as hunchback, bluebell, highbrow
[C19: from Sanskrit bahuvrīhi, itself this type of compound, from bahu much + vrīh rice]
References in periodicals archive ?
On the other hand, an exocentric compound has a meaning which can be derived from the sum of its parts.
However, modifiers which modify an exocentric compound as a whole were included in the analysis, e.
I conclude, in section 5, indicating the need for more research on exocentric compound to test Bauer's typology, to reveal what other (sub)types may be found in the languages of the world and to ascertain the best way of eliciting appropriate data on exocentric compounds.
Originally, Sanskrit grammar applied the term bahuvrihi for this type exclusively, but later on the term was used for other types as well, or--quite generally--as a label for any exocentric compound (Scalise and Bisotto 2009: 36).
Thus a non-existent suffixal combination functions as a compound component in a semantically exocentric compound, which is just one among a family of -[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] [-nosec] positional component compounds (including endocentric ones, e.
An exocentric compound like for example pig tail has the following structure:
A Copulative Compounds, B Determinative compounds, and C Exocentric compounds.
2) In other words, exocentric compounds, where neither constituent acts as a head, are excluded (e.
Here the poet has decomposed two common exocentric compounds associated with the idea of dying from old age, living long (AV jaramrtyu- 'having death from old age, whose death is in old age', RV and AV dirghayus- 'having long life') and converted them into endocentric expressions.
We will not be concerned here with exocentric compounds of the type loudmouth.
Exocentric compounds are subdivided according to three patterns: verb + complement (pickpocket); adjective + noun (highbrow); and noun + noun (spoonbill).
In Stekauer's (1998: 149ff) theory, exocentric compounds do not exist because they are considered to be elliptical endocentric constructions.