Synbiotics serve as a source of exoenzymes
which induces the hosts' digestive enzymes and improves the absorptive ability of the host (Huynh et al.
1) The bacteria produce a wide range of exoenzymes
With these parameters in mind, it can be argued that this treatment resulted in the isolated genera expressing less pathogenicity, seeing that they were positive with less exoenzymes
The synthesis of extracellular polysaccharides is a prominent factor of its virulence, since even before the sucrose enters the cell, a percentage is transformed by exoenzymes
, glucosyltransferases (Gtfs) and fructosiltransferasas (Ftf), which metabolize sucrose in monosaccharide molecules, transferring each fraction to a receiving molecule and forming polymers that can be spread in the biofilm or remain associated with S.
The production of exoenzymes
and hemolysins are defense mechanisms of microorganisms during their colonization and pathogenesis.
In addition, several bacteria of this genus have the capacity to secrete antimicrobial compounds and different exoenzymes
that aid digestion (Ziaei-Nejad et al.
Recent research suggests that there have been a notable number of microorganisms (especially some bacteria and fungi) which have the capacity to degrade these synthetic polymers in much faster way in comparison to the natural method by using some exoenzymes
under stress conditions.
This bacterium regulates the production of different exoenzymes
by secreting AHLs, including N-(3-oxohexanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone (3-O-C6-HSL) and N-(3-oxooctanoyl)-L-homoserine lactone (3-O-C8-HSL) (Jones et al.
2) Hyphal growth is also accompanied by the secretion of exoenzymes
which participate in lysis of the substrate or may be involved in synthesis of fungal cell wall.
Sporulation and the production of antibiotics, exoenzymes
from halophiles are not only interesting from the basic scientific viewpoint but they may also be of potential interest in many industrial applications, owing to their stability and activity at low water activities [9,10].
Accumulation of Mycelium Biomass andProteolytic Exoenzymes