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1. A tiny vesicle created and released from the plasma membrane of various types of cells, especially immune cells, and capable of inducing antigen-specific immune responses.
2. A cellular protein complex containing enzymes that degrade nuclear and cytoplasmic RNA.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"We believe a key component of the CPCs' restorative ability is likely due to exosomes," said the study's senior author, Michael Davis, Ph.D.
As we all know, exosomes are tiny 30-100nm vesicles secreted by most cell types in vivo and in vitro.
ENPNewswire-August 27, 2019--UPPSALA UNIVERSITY: Novel method identifies the right individual exosomes
Through the research, a group of scientist from the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston and a team from South Korea found the mode of (https://cms.ibtimes.com/hypertension-pregnancy-can-lead-miscarriage-study-says-2813768) communication between a pregnant woman and the fetus inside her womb are "sacs filled with chemicals called exosomes".
- US-based ArunA Bio, Inc., a specialsit in the development of neural exosomes for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, has added Tony Townley to its board of directors, the company said.
The company's two new US patents, which has been assigned the numbers 10,329,561 and 10,233,445, provide coverage for pharmaceutical compositions comprising exosomes containing exogenous genetic material, such as RNAi agents and antisense oligonucleotides, and targeting of exosomes to tissues of interest, respectively.
MELBOURNE, Australia, July 17, 2019 -- The exosomes (extracellular vesicles) released by stem cells "may be the disruptive therapy for tackling age-related diseases doctors and patients have been waiting for," according to Ian Dixon, managing director of Exopharm (Melbourne, Australia), a company founded in 2013 whose LEAP technology provides "a key step in the downstream manufacturing process to isolate and purify exosomes from adult stem cells and other sources."
Using engineered mesenchymal stem cells as the "bio-factory" to mass-produce miR-185, which functionally serves to suppress cancer cell proliferation, invasion and migration, in the cell culture system, the resulting miR-185 enriched exosomes were isolated and externally applied to the oral leukoplakia lesions in animal models as a proof-of-concept study.
Summary: Washington DC [USA], June 9 (ANI): A recent study has found how exosomes, tiny nanoparticles released from fat cells, travel through the bloodstream and can help detect type 2 diabetes in teens.
The results of this research indicate that exosomes isolated from amniotic fluid promote wound healing in an in vitro assay as efficiently as total amniotic fluid.
Exosomes are tiny micro-vesicles (50-150[micro]m) that are involved in cell to cell communication.