external

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ex·ter·nal

 (ĭk-stûr′nəl)
adj.
1. Relating to, existing on, or connected with the outside or an outer part; exterior.
2. Suitable for application to the outside: external paints.
3. Existing independently of the mind.
4. Acting or coming from the outside: external pressures.
5. Of or relating chiefly to outward appearance; superficial: "An internal sense of righteousness dwindles into an external concern for reputation" (A.R. Gurney, Jr.).
6. Of or relating to foreign affairs or foreign countries: the country's minister of external affairs.
n.
1. An exterior part or surface.
2. externals
a. Outer circumstances.
b. Outward appearances: was charming as far as the externals went.

[Middle English, from Latin externus, outward, from exter; see eghs in Indo-European roots.]

ex·ter′nal·ly adv.

external

(ɪkˈstɜːnəl)
adj
1. of, situated on, or suitable for the outside; outer
2. coming or acting from without: external evidence from an independent source.
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) of or involving foreign nations; foreign
4. (Medicine) of, relating to, or designating a medicine that is applied to the outside of the body
5. (Anatomy) anatomy situated on or near the outside of the body: the external ear.
6. (Education) education denoting assessment by examiners who are not employed at the candidate's place of study
7. (Education) Austral and NZ (of a student) studying a university subject extramurally
8. (Philosophy) philosophy (of objects, etc) taken to exist independently of a perceiving mind
n
9. (often plural) an external circumstance or aspect, esp one that is superficial or inessential
10. (Education) Austral and NZ a student taking an extramural subject
[C15: from Latin externus outward, from exterus on the outside, from ex out of]
exˈternally adv

ex•ter•nal

(ɪkˈstɜr nl)

adj.
1. of or pertaining to the outside or outer part; outer: an external surface.
2. to be applied to the outside of a body.
3. situated or being outside something; acting or coming from without: external influences.
4. pertaining to outward appearance: external acts of worship.
5. pertaining to or concerned with foreign countries: external affairs; external commerce.
6. of or pertaining to the world of things, considered as independent of the mind.
n.
7. the outside; outer surface; exterior.
8. externals, external features; outward appearance; superficialities.
[1400–50; see extern, -al1]
ex•ter′nal•ly, adv.

exterior

external
1. 'exterior'

The exterior of a building or vehicle is the outside part of it.

The church is famous for its exterior.
You're supposed to keep your car exterior in good condition.

Exterior is often used as an adjective in front of a noun to refer to an outside part of a building or vehicle.

The aerial can be fixed to an exterior wall.
...the exterior bodywork.
2. 'external'

External can be used in front of a noun to refer to an outside part of a building.

...external walls.
...external doorways.

External can be used in front of other nouns to refer to things which happen, come from, or exist outside a place or area of activity.

Kindly observers may suggest that Novar is being hit by external factors outside its control.
They did it in response to external pressures.

You cannot use exterior in this way.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.external - outward features; "he enjoyed the solemn externals of religion"
characteristic, feature - a prominent attribute or aspect of something; "the map showed roads and other features"; "generosity is one of his best characteristics"
Adj.1.external - happening or arising or located outside or beyond some limits or especially surface; "the external auditory canal"; "external pressures"
outside - relating to or being on or near the outer side or limit; "an outside margin"
internal - happening or arising or located within some limits or especially surface; "internal organs"; "internal mechanism of a toy"; "internal party maneuvering"
2.external - coming from the outside; "extraneous light in the camera spoiled the photograph"; "relying upon an extraneous income"; "disdaining outside pressure groups"
extrinsic - not forming an essential part of a thing or arising or originating from the outside; "extrinsic evidence"; "an extrinsic feature of the new building"; "that style is something extrinsic to the subject"; "looking for extrinsic aid"
3.external - from or between other countries; "external commerce"; "international trade"; "developing nations need outside help"
foreign - of concern to or concerning the affairs of other nations (other than your own); "foreign trade"; "a foreign office"
4.external - purely outward or superficial; "external composure"; "an external concern for reputation"- A.R.Gurney,Jr.
outward - relating to physical reality rather than with thoughts or the mind; "a concern with outward beauty rather than with inward reflections"

external

adjective
2. foreign, international, alien, exotic, exterior, extraneous, extrinsic the commissioner for external affairs
foreign home, domestic, interior, intrinsic
3. outside, visiting, independent, extramural The papers are checked by external examiners.
outside inside, interior

external

adjective
Appearing as such but not necessarily so:
Translations
خارِجيخَارِجيّ
externí
eksternudvendigydre
ulkoinen
vanjskieksterniizvanjski
külsõleg
utanverîur, ytri; útvortis
外部の
외부의
išoriškai
ārējs
extern
zunanji
extern
ที่ใช้ภายนอก
dışdış dışarıdan uygulanan
bên ngoài

external

[eksˈtɜːnl]
A. ADJ
1. (= outer) [wall, surface] → externo, exterior; [appearance, injury, gills, skeleton] → externo
"for external use only" (Med) → de uso tópico or externo
2. (= outside) [world, influences, factor] → externo
3. (= foreign) [affairs, relations] → exterior
B. N externalslas apariencias fpl
to judge by externalsjuzgar por las apariencias
C. CPD external account Ncuenta f con el exterior
external audit Nauditoría f externa
external debt Ndeuda f externa, deuda f exterior
external degree N (Brit) (Univ) → licenciatura f por libre
external examination Nexamen m externo
external examiner Nexaminador(a) m/f externo/a
external student N (Brit) (Univ) → alumno/a m/f externo/a, alumno/a m/f libre
external trade Ncomercio m exterior

external

[ɪkˈstɜːrnəl] adj [wall] → externe
for external use only (MEDICINE)à usage externe external affairsexternal affairs npl (POLITICS)affaires fpl extérieuresexternal examiner n (British)examinateur/trice m/f extérieur(e)

external

adj
(= outer) layer, covering, similarity etcäußere(r, s); dimensions, angle, diameterAußen-; injuryäußerlich; gillsaußen liegend; the external walls of the housedie Außenwände des Hauses; external appearanceAussehen nt; external surfaceAußenfläche f; external skeletonAußenskelett nt; for external use (Pharm) → zur äußerlichen Anwendung
(fig: = from outside) influence, factor, event, realityäußere(r, s), extern (geh); external pressuresDruck mvon außen; external causeäußerer Anlass; the external worlddie Außenwelt; to be external to somethingaußerhalb einer Sache liegen; (= not part of sth)nicht zu etw gehören; reasons both internal and external to the companyUrsachen, die sowohl innerhalb als auch außerhalb des Unternehmens zu finden sind
(= foreign) affairs, relations, policyauswärtig; the European commissioner for external affairsder EG-Kommissar für auswärtige Angelegenheiten; MI6, the external security serviceMI6, der militärische Abschirmdienst
(= independent) examiner, auditor, assessor, evaluatorextern
n externals
pl (form)Äußerlichkeiten pl

external

:
external borders
pl (of country)Landesgrenzen pl; (of area)Außengrenzen pl
external debt
external degree
n (Brit Univ) Abschluss nach einem Fernstudium

external

[ɛksˈtɜːnl]
1. adj (walls) → esterno/a; (appearance) → esteriore
external affairs (Pol) → affari mpl esteri
for external use only (Med) → solo per uso esterno
external examiner → esaminatore/trice esterno/a
external processes (Geol) → fenomeni mpl esogeni
2. n the externalsle apparenze

external

(ikˈstəːnl) adjective
of, for, from, or on, the outside. Chemists often label skin creams `For external use only'.
exˈternally adverb

external

خَارِجيّ externí ydre extern εξωτερικός externo ulkoinen externe vanjski esterno 外部の 외부의 extern ytre zewnętrzny externo внешний extern ที่ใช้ภายนอก dış bên ngoài 外部的

external

adj externo
References in classic literature ?
"Of course, people do get carried away and make mistakes, but one must have indulgence; those mistakes are merely evidence of enthusiasm for the cause and of abnormal external environment. If little has been done, the time has been but short; of means I will not speak.
However, the report said that Egyptian authorities' prudent policies have been instrumental in preserving macroeconomic stability, even as the external environment has notably weakened.
Downside risks stemming from the external environment include: higher uncertainty, faster depreciation of the British pound and weaker-than-expected growth in the UK in the event of no-deal Brexit; slower-than-expected growth in the euro area as a result of weaker global trade; a slowdown in Russia due to lower oil prices; intensified competition from other tourist destinations.
The current study aims to investigate that how employee well-being impacts the performance of employee and organizational productivity or efficiency by considering physiological and external environment. Our study is an effort to inspect the influence of employee wellbeing of Telecom organizations on performance efficiency and productivity soundness in developing countries like Pakistan.
Organizations need to manage information from the external environment in order to stay competitive (Kumar et al., 2001).
Understanding the changes taking place in the external environment is important to preparing a strategy that will ensure long-term growth.
The external environment is expected to improve which is going to lead to higher exports, more infrastructure investments, more foreign investments and greater trust of local companies," Bogov said.
Conducting studies about perceptions of uncertainty and organizations' operational performance in the context of the external environment has proved to be a challenging endeavour due to the complex nature of these two theoretical constructs.
But an email seen by the ECHO yesterday said huge rises in the cost of the Liverpool city centre development and changes to "the external environment" meant the current plan has had to be abandoned.
Proper functioning of the organization depends on awareness by its management of factors through which the external environment interrelates with the organization.
It leads readers through understanding a company's mission statement, analyzing the external environment in which it competes, analyzing the internal environment, and considering the relationship between the internal and external environments.
The interest rate cut by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) signals the need for support to a recovering economy against the backdrop of a weak external environment, chief economic advisor Arvind Subramanian said.

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