extreme

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ex·treme

 (ĭk-strēm′)
adj.
1. Most remote in any direction; outermost or farthest: the extreme edge of the field.
2. Being in or attaining the greatest or highest degree; very intense: extreme pleasure; extreme pain.
3. Being far beyond the norm: an extreme conservative. See Synonyms at excessive.
4. Of the greatest severity; drastic: took extreme measures to conserve fuel.
5. Biology
a. Characterized by severe, usually oxygen-poor environmental conditions.
b. Having an affinity for such conditions: an extreme microorganism.
6. Sports
a. Very dangerous or difficult: extreme rafting.
b. Participating or tending to participate in a very dangerous or difficult sport: an extreme skier.
7. Archaic Final; last.
n.
1. The greatest or utmost degree or point.
2. Either of the two things situated at opposite ends of a range: the extremes of boiling and freezing.
3. An extreme condition.
4. An immoderate, drastic expedient: resorted to extremes in the emergency.
5. Mathematics
a. The first or last term of a ratio or a series.
b. A maximum or minimum value of a function.
6. Logic The major or minor term of a syllogism.
Idiom:
in the extreme
To an extreme degree: eccentric in the extreme.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin extrēmus; see eghs in Indo-European roots.]

ex·treme′ly adv.
ex·treme′ness n.

extreme

(ɪkˈstriːm)
adj
1. being of a high or of the highest degree or intensity: extreme cold; extreme difficulty.
2. exceeding what is usual or reasonable; immoderate: extreme behaviour.
3. very strict, rigid, or severe; drastic: an extreme measure.
4. (prenominal) farthest or outermost in direction: the extreme boundary.
5. (Physical Geography) meteorol of, relating to, or characteristic of a continental climate
n
6. the highest or furthest degree (often in the phrases in the extreme, go to extremes)
7. (often plural) either of the two limits or ends of a scale or range of possibilities: extremes of temperature.
8. (Mathematics) maths
a. the first or last term of a series or a proportion
b. a maximum or minimum value of a function
9. (Logic) logic the subject or predicate of the conclusion of a syllogism
[C15: from Latin extrēmus outermost, from exterus on the outside; see exterior]
exˈtremeness n

ex•treme

(ɪkˈstrim)

adj. -trem•er, -trem•est,
n. adj.
1. going well beyond the ordinary or average: extreme measures.
2. exceedingly great in degree: extreme joy.
3. farthest from the center or middle.
4. utmost in direction or distance.
5. immoderate; radical: extreme fashions.
6. last; final: extreme hopes.
7. Chiefly Sports. extremely dangerous or difficult: extreme skiing.
n.
8. a very high degree: cautious to an extreme.
9. one of two things as different from each other as possible: the extremes of joy and grief.
10. an extreme act, measure, or condition: the extreme of poverty.
11. Math.
a. the first or the last term, as of a proportion or series.
b. a relative maximum or relative minimum value of a function in a given region.
12. the subject or the predicate of the conclusion of a syllogism.
[1425–75; late Middle English < Latin extrēmus, superlative of exterus outward. See exterior]
ex•treme′ly, adv.
ex•treme′ness, n.

ex·treme

(ĭk-strēm′)
Either the first or fourth term of a proportion of four terms. In the proportion 2/3 = 4/6 , the extremes are 2 and 6. Compare mean.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.extreme - the furthest or highest degree of somethingextreme - the furthest or highest degree of something; "he carried it to extremes"
degree, level, grade - a position on a scale of intensity or amount or quality; "a moderate grade of intelligence"; "a high level of care is required"; "it is all a matter of degree"
2.extreme - the point located farthest from the middle of something
extremity - the outermost or farthest region or point
apex, acme, vertex, peak - the highest point (of something); "at the peak of the pyramid"
Adj.1.extreme - of the greatest possible degree or extent or intensityextreme - of the greatest possible degree or extent or intensity; "extreme cold"; "extreme caution"; "extreme pleasure"; "utmost contempt"; "to the utmost degree"; "in the uttermost distress"
intense - possessing or displaying a distinctive feature to a heightened degree; "intense heat"; "intense anxiety"; "intense desire"; "intense emotion"; "the skunk's intense acrid odor"; "intense pain"; "enemy fire was intense"
2.extreme - far beyond a norm in quantity or amount or degree; to an utmost degree; "an extreme example"; "extreme temperatures"; "extreme danger"
immoderate - beyond reasonable limits; "immoderate laughter"; "immoderate spending"
3.extreme - beyond a norm in views or actions; "an extreme conservative"; "an extreme liberal"; "extreme views on integration"; "extreme opinions"
immoderate - beyond reasonable limits; "immoderate laughter"; "immoderate spending"
4.extreme - most distant in any direction; "the extreme edge of town"
distant - separated in space or coming from or going to a distance; "distant villages"; "the sound of distant traffic"; "a distant sound"; "a distant telephone call"

extreme

adjective
2. severe, radical, strict, harsh, stern, rigid, dire, drastic, uncompromising, unbending The scheme was rejected as being too extreme.
4. farthest, furthest, far, final, last, ultimate, remotest, terminal, utmost, far-off, faraway, outermost, most distant, uttermost the room at the extreme end of the corridor
farthest nearest
noun
1. limit, end, edge, opposite, pole, ultimate, boundary, antithesis, extremity, acme a `middle way' between the extremes of success and failure
in the extreme extremely, very, highly, greatly, particularly, severely, terribly, ultra, utterly, unusually, exceptionally, extraordinarily, intensely, tremendously, markedly, awfully (informal), acutely, exceedingly, excessively, inordinately, uncommonly, to a fault, to the nth degree, to or in the extreme The television series has proved controversial in the extreme.

extreme

adjective
1. Most distant or remote, as from a center:
2. Of the greatest possible degree, quality, or intensity:
3. Exceeding a normal or reasonable limit:
4. Holding especially political views that deviate drastically and fundamentally from conventional or traditional beliefs:
Slang: far-out.
noun
1. The ultimate point to which an action, thought, discussion, or policy is carried:
2. Either of the two points at the ends of a spectrum or range:
Translations
أقْصىدَرَجَه قُصْوىشَدِيدعَظيم، شَديدمُتَطَرِّف
extrémníextrém
ekstremstorvældigyderliggåendeyderlighed
äärimmäinenextremeliiallinentörkeä
ekstreman
legszélsõ
ákafleguröfgarróttækur, öfgakenndurviî endamörk/ystu mörk; ystur; róttækur
極度の
극도의
aukščiausias laipsnisekstremali situacijaekstremistasekstremistinisekstremizmas
ārkārtīgsekstrēms, galējsgalējībagalējs
extreemextremeuitersteultiemultieme
extrémextrémistickýnajkrajnejší
skrajen
extremextremt
ที่สุด
aşırıaşırı uççok büyüken yüksek derece
آخری
cực đoan

extreme

[ɪksˈtriːm]
A. ADJ
1. (= very great) [heat, danger, poverty, discomfort] → extremo; [care, caution] → sumo, extremo; [sorrow, anger] → profundo, enorme
a matter of extreme importanceuna cuestión de suma importancia
in extreme old ageen or a una edad muy avanzada
2. (= exceptional) [case, circumstances] → extremo
3. (= radical) [views, opinion] → extremista; [behaviour] → extremado; [method, action, measure] → extremo
the extreme left/right (Pol) → la extrema izquierda/derecha
to be extreme in one's opinionstener opiniones extremistas
there's no need to be so extremeno es necesario llegar a esos extremos
4. (= furthest) [point,] → extremo
the extreme oppositeel extremo opuesto
winds from the extreme northvientos de la región más septentrional
the room at the extreme end of the corridorla habitación al final del todo del pasillo
B. Nextremo m
she's a woman of extremeses una mujer de extremos
to be driven to extremesverse obligado a tomar medidas extremas
to go to extremestomar medidas extremas
to go to any extremellegar a cualquier extremo
to go from one extreme to the otherpasar de un extremo al otro
to take or carry sth to extremesllevar algo al extremo
extremes of temperaturelas temperaturas extremas
in the extreme (frm) → en extremo, en sumo grado
C. CPD extreme sports NPLdeportes mpl de aventura, deportes mpl extremos
extreme unction N (Rel) → extremaunción f

extreme

[ɪkˈstriːm]
adj
(= very great) [poverty, caution] → extrême
(pejorative) (= excessive) → extrême
(= far) [north, south, end] → extrême
the extreme left → l'extrême gauche f
the extreme right → l'extrême droite f
n
(= end of spectrum) → extrême m
the extremes of success and failure → les limites du succès et de l'échec
at the other extreme → à l'autre extrémité
to go from one extreme to the other → passer d'un extrême à l'autre
in the extreme (= to a great degree) → à l'extrême extremes
npl
(= wide variations) → extrêmes mpl
extremes of temperature → différences fpl extrêmes de température
(= excess) to go to extremes → pousser les choses à l'extrême
to go to the extremes of doing sth → aller jusqu'à faire qch
to take sth to extremes → pousser qch à l'extrême

extreme

adj
caution, courage, pleasure, kindness, simplicityäußerste(r, s); discomfort, sensitivity, concern, joy, dangergrößte(r, s); example, conditions, behaviour, temperaturesextrem; (Pol) right, left, viewsextrem; measures, methoddrastisch; difficulty, pressureungeheuer; rudenessmaßlos; povertybitterste(r, s); to proceed with extreme cautionmit äußerster Vorsicht vorgehen; to suffer extreme discomfortgrößte Beschwerden haben; in extreme old agein äußerst hohem Alter; of extreme importance/urgencyäußerst wichtig/dringend; extreme caseExtremfall m; extreme left-wing anarchistslinksextremistische Anarchisten; fascists of the extreme rightextrem rechts stehende Faschisten; the weather was pretty extremees herrschten recht extreme Wetterbedingungen; the extreme unction (Rel) → die Letzte Ölung
(= furthest) end, tip, edge, north, southäußerste(r, s); the room at the extreme end of the corridordas Zimmer ganz am Ende des Korridors; at the extreme left of the pictureganz links im Bild
nExtrem nt; the extremes of happiness and despairhöchstes Glück und tiefste Verzweiflung; between these two extremeszwischen diesen beiden Extremen; extremes of temperatureextreme Temperaturen pl; in the extremeim höchsten Grade; it is bewildering in the extremees ist höchst or im höchsten Grade verwirrend; to go from one extreme to the othervon einem Extrem ins andere fallen; to go to extremeses übertreiben; I wouldn’t go to that extremeso weit würde ich nicht gehen; to take or carry something to extremesetw bis zum Extrem treiben; to drive somebody to extremesjdn zum Äußersten treiben

extreme

[ɪksˈtriːm]
1. adjestremo/a; (sorrow, anger) → profondo/a
the extreme left/right (Pol) → l'estrema sinistra/destra
the extreme end of sth → l'estremità di qc
there's no need to be so extreme → non c'è bisogno di essere così drastico
2. nestremo
extremes of temperature → gli estremi mpl della scala termica
dangerous in the extreme → estremamente pericoloso/a
to go/be driven to extremes → arrivare/essere spinto/a agli estremi

extreme

(ikˈstriːm) adjective
1. very great, especially much more than usual. extreme pleasure; He is in extreme pain.
2. very far or furthest in any direction, especially out from the centre. the extreme south-western tip of England; Politically, he belongs to the extreme left.
3. very violent or strong; not ordinary or usual. He holds extreme views on education.
noun
1. something as far, or as different, as possible from something else. the extremes of sadness and joy.
2. the greatest degree of any state, especially if unpleasant. The extremes of heat in the desert make life uncomfortable.
exˈtremely adverb
very. extremely kind.
exˈtremism noun
the holding of views which are as far from being moderate as possible.
exˈtremist noun, adjective
exˈtremity (-ˈstre-) plural exˈtremities noun
1. the farthest point. The two poles represent the extremities of the earth's axis.
2. an extreme degree; the quality of being extreme. Their suffering reached such extremities that many died.
3. a situation of great danger or distress. They need help in this extremity.
4. the parts of the body furthest from the middle eg the hands and feet.
in the extreme
very. dangerous in the extreme.
to extremes
very far, especially further than is thought to be reasonable. She can never express an opinion without going to extremes.

extreme

شَدِيد extrémní ekstrem extrem ακραίος extremo äärimmäinen extrême ekstreman estremo 極度の 극도의 extreem ekstrem ekstremalny extremo экстремальный extrem ที่สุด aşırı cực đoan 极端的

extreme

a. extremo-a, excesivo-a; último-a;
adv. extremadamente, excesivamente; sumamente.
References in classic literature ?
All extremes are bad," the Professor said, very gravely.
The two extremes were regular cotes gauches and cotes droits.
This was the extreme southern limit reached by that daring traveller.
For the last three or four miles the road ran along the extreme precipitous verge of cliffs that sloped, a giant's wall of grassy mountain, right away down to a dreamy amethystine floor of sea, miles and miles, as it seemed, below.
After sauntering along for some time he discovered the Hare by the wayside, apparently asleep, and seeing a chance to win pushed on as fast as he could, arriving at the goal hours afterward, suffering from extreme fatigue and claiming the victory.
Stremov, carrying with him several members, went over to Alexey Alexandrovitch's side, and not contenting himself with warmly defending the measure proposed by Karenin, proposed other more extreme measures in the same direction.
So far as these observations tend to inculcate a danger of the import duties being extended to an injurious extreme it may be observed, conformably to a remark made in another part of these papers, that the interest of the revenue itself would be a sufficient guard against such an extreme.
The width of the river, which was upwards of a mile, its extreme shallowness, the frequency of quicksands, and various other characteristics, had at length made them sensible of their errors with respect to it, and they now came to the correct conclusion, that they were on the banks of the Platte or Shallow River.
By conscience and courage, by deeds of devotion and daring, he soon commended himself to his fellows and his officers; and it was to these qualities and to some knowledge of the country that he owed his selection for his present perilous duty at the extreme outpost.
as some have been, when the moon was low, and shone on their enemies' back), and so to shoot off before the time; or to teach dangers to come on, by over early buckling towards them; is another extreme.
After listening to him for an hour, while he painted in vivid colours the extreme danger of fire consuming the house, the Hard Man to Deal With said: