mainline civil rights groups preferred FEPC
at least in part because it
Most historians have focused on the FEPC
's efforts to end employment discrimination against African Americans.
29, 1950, Appendix to the Congressional Record, 1950, A3747; "Conciliation and Consultation, Not Coercion, Answer to FEPC
Problem," Extension of Remarks of Hon.
Following the war, Truman lined up a series of executive orders to promote his civil rights agenda, including military desegregation and a restructured FEPC
. As Sherie Merson and Steven Schlossman note in their book, Foxholes and Color Lines, "[Truman's] intervention emboldened advocates of racial equality, put supporters of segregation on the defensive, and opened a path leading toward the completion of formal racial integration." John F.
Although Bernstein is quite dismissive of the efficacy of the FEPC
, (77) recent scholarship suggests that the FEPC
had a significant impact on black employment in the defense industry in nonsouthern states.
consciously rejected racial proportions as either proof of or a remedy for discrimination (Garfinkel 1969; Moreno 1997, 66-73; Reed 1991; Ruchames 1952).
Roosevelt responded with the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC
) to address job discrimination in defense industries.
Expected To Risk Walkout In Jehovah Case," World Telegram (New York), 22 December 1942, clipping, ACLU Archives 2428: 157; "Sees Walkout If Witnesses Are Employed," The Clarksburg (W.Va.) Exponent, 22 December 1942, 1-2.
[Fair Employment Practices Commission], according to its proponents, represents an effort to obtain economic justice for the Negro.
Roosevelt issued Executive Order 8802 that established the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC
) during World War II.
The climax of the story comes with what the newspapers called "the three-hour strike." The Sergeant quietly organized it to protest the union's racist closed shop in defiance of FDR's Fair Employment Practices Committee's (FEPC
A few days before the opening of the fourth Conference of Parties to the Convention on Climate Change (COP 4, Buenos Aires, November 1-13), the electricity industry (Europe represented by UNIPEDE/EURELECTRIC, America by the Edison Electric Institute - EEI and Japan by the Far Eastern Power Corporation - FEPC
) and European gas suppliers represented by EUROGAS, have expressed support for the introduction of flexible mechanisms as a means of achieving the targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions agreed in Kyoto in December 1997.