fascism

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Related to Facist: communism, Mussolini

fas·cism

 (făsh′ĭz′əm)
n.
1. often Fascism
a. A system of government marked by centralization of authority under a dictator, a capitalist economy subject to stringent governmental controls, violent suppression of the opposition, and typically a policy of belligerent nationalism and racism.
b. A political philosophy or movement based on or advocating such a system of government.
2. Oppressive, dictatorial control.

[Italian fascismo, from fascio, group, from Late Latin fascium, from Latin fascis, bundle.]
Word History: It is fitting that the name of an authoritarian political movement like Fascism, founded in 1919 by Benito Mussolini, should come from the name of a symbol of authority. The Italian name of the movement, fascismo, is derived from fascio, "bundle, (political) group," but also refers to the movement's emblem, the fasces, a bundle of rods bound around a projecting axe-head that was carried before an ancient Roman magistrate by an attendant as a symbol of authority and power. The name of Mussolini's group of revolutionaries was soon used for similar nationalistic movements in other countries that sought to gain power through violence and ruthlessness, such as National Socialism.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

fascism

(ˈfæʃɪzəm)
n (sometimes capital)
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) any ideology or movement inspired by Italian Fascism, such as German National Socialism; any right-wing nationalist ideology or movement with an authoritarian and hierarchical structure that is fundamentally opposed to democracy and liberalism
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) any ideology, movement, programme, tendency, etc, that may be characterized as right-wing, chauvinist, authoritarian, etc
3. prejudice in relation to the subject specified: body fascism.
[C20: from Italian fascismo, from fascio political group, from Latin fascis bundle; see fasces]

Fascism

(ˈfæʃɪzəm)
n
(Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the political movement, doctrine, system, or regime of Benito Mussolini in Italy, which encouraged militarism and nationalism, organizing the country along hierarchical authoritarian lines
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

fas•cism

(ˈfæʃ ɪz əm)

n.
1. (sometimes cap.) a totalitarian governmental system led by a dictator and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism, militarism, and often racism.
2. (sometimes cap.) the philosophy, principles, or methods of fascism.
3. (cap.) a movement toward or embodying fascism, esp. the one established by Mussolini in Italy 1922–43.
[1915–20; < Italian fascismo, derivative of fasc(io) bundle, group; see fasces]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

Fascism


the principles and practices of people who worked to dissolve Hitler’s dictatorship and fascism.
a member of the German-American Volksbund, a U.S. pro-Nazi organization of the 1930s and 1940s. — Bund, n.
the doctrines of the Falange, the fascist party of Spain. — Falangist, n.
1. the tenets of a centralized totalitarian and nationalistic government that strictly controls finance, industry, and commerce, practices rigid censorship and racism, and eliminates opposition through secret police.
2. such a form of government, as that of Italy under Mussolini. — fascist, n. — fascistic, adj.
the tenets of German fascism as developed by Adolf Hitler; Nazism. — Hitlerite, n., adj.
the German form of fascism, especially that of the National Socialist (German: Nazionalsozialist) Workers’ party under Adolf Hitler. — Nazi, n., adj.
the post-World War II rise of a movement whose principal aim is to incorporate the doctrines of fascism into existing political systems. — Neo-Facist, n.
a method of revolution or overthrow involving secret planning, suddenness, and speed, as Hitler’s 1938 invasion of Austria. — putschist, n.
a member of the Belgian pro-fascist party of the 1930s.
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

fascism

1. A right-wing militarist, nationalist and authoritarian regime, such as that founded by Mussolini 1919 and inspiring, among others, the German Nazi Party.
2. A form of government in which a dictator rules, opposition is suppressed, the economy is centrally controlled, and extreme nationalistic policies are pursued.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fascism - a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism)fascism - a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism)
ideology, political orientation, political theory - an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group or nation
national socialism, Naziism, Nazism - a form of socialism featuring racism and expansionism and obedience to a strong leader
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

Fascism

noun (sometimes not cap.) authoritarianism, dictatorship, totalitarianism, despotism, autocracy, absolutism, Hitlerism The military threat of Fascism had been eliminated.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
Translations
الفاشِيَّـه، الفاشِسْتِيَّه
fašismus
fascisme
fasismi
fasizmus
fasisme
fasismi
fašistinisfašizmas
fašisms
fašizmus

fascism

[ˈfæʃɪzəm] Nfascismo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

fascism

[ˈfæʃɪzəm] n (= political system) → fascisme m anti-fascism
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

fascism

nFaschismus m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

fascism

[ˈfæʃɪzm] nfascismo
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

Fascism

(ˈfӕʃizəm) noun
a nationalistic and anti-Communist system of government like that of Italy 1922-43, where all aspects of society are controlled by the state and all criticism or opposition is suppressed.
ˈfascist
(also with capital) adjective.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Huddersfield Labour Students condemns the comments made by the University of Huddersfield Chancellor Prince Andrew, the Duke of York at the recent Pitch@Palace event in Abu Dhabi in regards to seeking closer relations through investments with the facist Saudi Arabian regime," the group said in a statement (via (https://www.express.co.uk/news/royal/1039820/prince-andrew-royal-news-huddersfield-university-saudi-arabia-jamal-khashoggi) Express ).
"UP faculty, students and alumni fought and died in the resistance against the facist Marcos dictatorship," the University Student Council of UP Diliman said in a statement on the reunion.
The bill, passed on Thursday, was slammed by critics as anti-democratic, facist and racist.
Popular Dublin nightspot The George was targeted by vandals who scrawled slurs and facist symbols on the front of the building yesterday.
Afterwards, Dr Stephen Dorril, festival director, Huddersfield University lecturer and biographer of British Facist Sir Oswald Mosley, will talk about his research on the role of the British Resistance and Nazi invasion plans.
He was the Facist "fence" for near undetectable coins and notes, crafted by master forgers forced to slave round the clock in Blocks 18 and 19 of Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp.
Pieces here involve Woolf, Priestly, Orwell, Jazz and Futurism in Facist Italy, Pound, and Sartre.
We heard from Nic from NICU, who began his presentation with the grave statement: "I have been to the utter centre of evil." He continued, "I have been into the very lair of the Facist Beast".
"The Facist Longings in our Midst." Ariel: A Review of International Literature, v.
JOHNSON'S FACIST [sic] AGRESSION [sic] IN VIETNAM" on the
Daniel Pipes, by standing up and calling out "racist" and "Zionist." They did so again, October 22, 2007, at UC Berkeley, repeatedly interrupting Nonie Darwish, shouting out "Facist" and "Racist." There were no consequences to the student disrupters.