In a back room, a high-shouldered man with a face-ache tied up in dirty flannel, who was dressed in old black clothes that bore the appearance of having been waxed, was stooping over his work of making fair copies
of the notes of the other two gentlemen, for Mr.
Carter dictated letters to him, and he had to make fair copies
of statements of accounts.
Drafts that he requires to be drawn are drawn by special- pleaders in the temple on mysterious instructions; fair copies
that he requires to be made are made at the stationers', expense being no consideration.
Some are fair copies
- worked-up paintings of sketches done on the road by the boss, then signed by the assistant.
Most of these letters survive in original fair copies
, since Dantiscus was meticulous about preserving his correspondence.
By comparing the rough and fair copies
of the translation, it also becomes apparent that Bellenden corrected his translation with recourse to Perotti.
The authors further demonstrate that Pieter the Younger almost never relied exclusively upon original paintings by Pieter the Elder as the basis for his copies, again with the notable exception of the Winter Landscape with Bird Trap, but instead employed his father's drawings, which may also have included colour notes and even fair copies
made after the completion of paintings.
His holograph survives in two notebooks (facsimiles of five pages are reproduced), but these are plainly fair copies
(though with some handwritten changes) and there must have been earlier drafts.
And finally, on a third--and perhaps the most crucial--note, the vast majority of the source material was readily available, since the extensive national Carl Nielsen Archive, containing letters, notes jotted down in the composer's hand, preliminary drafts, fair copies
, first editions and such that all serve to illuminate Nielsen's music are, in fact, preserved at The Royal Library.
Calligraphic practice exercises and fair copies
are displayed alongside these implements, and a video shows a master calligrapher at work.
Rather, she reclassifies them as authorial fair copies
of foul papers, written in a "slow, measured and flourished manner" with "a relatively high number of unlinked letters," in stark contrast to the fluent form of a rapid cursive that would have been used in the process of composition.
Ruskin excelled at this skill, discovering yet another source of parental admiration in his minute "double print" and florid "copperplate" fair copies
of poems and in his phenomenally convincing pen-and-ink copies of engravings.