Beta Israel

(redirected from Falashmura)
Related to Falashmura: Falasha, Ethiopian Jews

Be·ta Israel

1. A people of uncertain origin, living since ancient times in what is now central Ethiopia and practicing a form of Judaism. Between 1984 and 1991, most Ethiopian Jews were resettled in Israel.
2. A member of this people.

[Ge'ez beta 'əsrā'el, house of Israel : beta, bound form of bet, house + 'əsrā'el, Israel (from Hebrew yiśrā'ēl); see Israel1.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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A member of the Falashmura community or "Beta Israel." Shaparou and roughly 8,000 other members of the community in Ethiopia are descended from Jews who had converted to Christianity, often under duress.
The Times of Israel reported in this regard that, "The Israeli government had in November voted to allow the immigration of some 9,100 Ethiopians known as Falashmura, descendants of Ethiopian Jews who converted to Christianity, many under duress, in the 18th and 19th centuries." However, on March 7 th , the decision was cancelled under the pretext of 'budgetary constraint.'
A previous cabinet decision had been to end the emigration of the Falashmura, a group who believe they descended from Jews and were coerced to convert to Christianity.
--Interior Minister Eli Yishai takes measures to allow 8,700 Falashmura Jews from Ethiopia to enter Israel.
The paper reported from the Israeli daily Haaretz that two interior ministry delegates have traveled to Ethiopia to examine the cases of over 3,000 Falashmura Jews in a transit camp.
"Unlike most Ethiopian Jews known as Falashmura, who converted into Christianity and have recently returned to Judaism, the Beta Israel of North Shewa have never abandoned Judaism, but practiced it in secrecy.
A flight carrying 65 "Falashmura" immigrants to Israel from Ethiopia Tuesday morning was declared to be the last one in a five year project which brought 16,000 Falashmura Olim =96 immigrants =96 to Israel.
The Jewish Agency presented the Prime Minister's Office with a report a few days ago showing that all the Falashmura deemed eligible for aliyah in 1999 have either arrived in Israel or have been declared ineligible by the Interior Ministry.
Ethiopian rabbis and spiritual leaders (keisim) called on the government Monday to halt the Ethiopian Falashmura aliyah to Israel, citing concerns that many of the Falashmura are engaged in Christian missionary activity.
Members of the Falashmura community in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia have complained that police had prevented them from continuing a hunger strike to press their demand that they be taken to Israel.
The Ministry of Immigrant Absorption announced that the cost of bringing and successfully settling the 13,000 Falashmura in Israel is approximately 3.3 billion NIS ($730 million).
The third judge, Nahman Shai, however, voted for Baruch, who he said would be "surprising and would win sympathy." The Jewish Agency is reportedly considering offering Baruch a position to help raise funds to bring the Falashmura to Israel.