Psychoanalysis has long been accused of lacking scientific precision, ducking the ultimate test of falsifiability
and taking refuge instead in untestable speculations.
The philosopher Karl Popper's principle of 'falsifiability
' in scientific enquiry bears relevance here.
The fight between history based on evidence and historical revisionism is analogous to that between sciences and pseudosciences: the ignorance that wears the white-lab coat of an experimental scientist and masquerades in the public realm as an ambassador of science while evading Popper's falsifiability
and appealing to the public through emotional anecdotes rather than evidence-based reproducible claims.
of the truth and the intellectual efforts shown, reveal the absence of truth, its hidden nature.
Both the confirmationist criterion advocated by logical positivists and the falsifiability
one proposed by Karl R.
The author points out that these have taken the form of attempts to define science in terms of Popperian falsifiability
or methodological naturalism.
Indeed, according to Popper's (2002) falsifiability
criterion, any claim should be structurally falsifiable to have potential scientific value; as such, a given fact of agreed-upon scientific value may not hold true in future observations, and theories based on it thus collapse.
The most notable example involved her confusion of ground level ozone with chlorofluorocarbons and smog, although it is also evident in her shallow account of scientific rationality based on an overly simplistic account of Popperian falsifiability
and her sloppy use of ambiguous examples when summarizing Daniel Kahneman's Thinking, Fast and Slow.
Popper's theory of falsifiability
allows us to theorise that (self) assessment of individuals is reliable.
And Karl Popper, were he alive today, might be interested in applying the falsifiability
criterion to wild speculations such as Hansen's and Folger's.
A related question is whether social scientists need to rethink what counts as evidence or perhaps reject the scientific notions of falsifiability
and replication as too burdensome and inconvenient.
This approach requires us to revisit Piaget's constructivism theory, Karl Popper theory with its falsifiability