Far·a·day(făr′ə-dā′, -dē), Michael 1791-1867.
British physicist and chemist who discovered electromagnetic induction (1831) and proposed the field theory later developed by Maxwell and Einstein.
Far·a·day(făr′ə-dā′, făr′ə-dē), Michael 1791-1867.
British physicist and chemist whose experiments into the connections between electricity, magnetism, and light laid the foundation for modern physics. In 1831 he discovered electromagnetic induction when he produced electricity by moving a magnet inside a wire coil. Faraday invented the electric motor, generator, and transformer, and discovered the carbon compound benzene.