farnesol


Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to farnesol: geraniol

farnesol

(ˈfɑːnɪˌsɒl)
n
(Chemistry) a colourless aromatic sesquiterpene alcohol found in many essential oils and used in the form of its derivatives in perfumery; 3,7,11-trimethyl-2,6,10-dodecatrienol. Formula: C15H26O
[C20: from New Latin (Acacia) farnesiāna; named after Odoardo Farnese, C17 Italian cardinal]
References in periodicals archive ?
In the oil sample, seven sesquiterpenes (with % of oil weight) were identified: beta-elemene (48.19%), trans-caryophyllene (19.51%), epi-bicyclosesquiphellandrene (12.24%), gamma-elemene (4.44%), alpha-copaene (4.13%), alpha-humulene (3.32%), alloaromadendrene (2.45%); and two alcohols: (3.17%) spatulenol and (2.55%) farnesol.
Inhibition of Candida albicans biofilm formation by farnesol, a quorum-sensing molecule.
Farnesol, un compuesto organico, quimicamente clasificado como sesquiterpeno alcohol (figura 1), se ha investigado por aumentar la susceptibilidad a antibioticos (29).
Several theories that revolve around the following known actions of statins exist: reduction of metabolic intermediates such as mevalonic acid, farnesol, geranylgeraniol, and ubiquinone; upregulation of apoptotic pathways; modification of chloride channel conductance; alteration of muscle membrane function; impairment of [Na.sup.+]/[K.sup.+]-ATPase and [Na.sup.+]/[Ca.sup.+]-AT-Pase pump function; and reduction in selenoprotein production.
Farnesol (a structural DSF analogue), on the other hand, exhibits antagonistic activity against tyrosol (41,42).
Heneicosane, nonadecane, pentacosane, cyclohexadecane, tricosene, docosane, eicosane compounds from hydrocarbons; palmitic acid, ethyl oleate, octadecanoic acid, decanedioic acid compounds from aliphatic acids and their esters; cinnamic acid, ferulic acid from cinnamic acids and their esters; pinostrobin chalcone, pinocembrin, chrysin compounds from flavonoids; [beta]-eudesmol, guaiol, 2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol, l-limonene, a-muurolene, farnesol, Y-terpinene, [beta]-myrcene, a-pinene compounds from alcohols and terpenes; benzoic acid, propanoic acid, 3,4-dimethoxycinnamic acid compounds from aromatic acids; 2-nonadeca-none, 2-pentadecanone compounds from ketones were determined in the propolis sample by GC-MS.
The species produces an essential oil whose main components are [beta]-myrcene, farnesol, limonene and myrcenal.
(1997) tested bisabolene, farnesol, and geraniol as aphid repellents against M.
Lapez-Ribot, "Inhibition of Candida albicans biofilm formation by farnesol, a quorum-sensing molecule," Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol.
Mendoza, "Farnesol induces apoptosis-like phenotype in the phytopathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea," Mycologia, vol.
Likewise, several phenylpropanoids and sesquiterpenes including eugenol, trans-anethole, [beta]-eudesmol, [beta]-caryophyllene, and farnesol, which are present in essential oils, also have antiviral properties against HSV [135].