glucose

(redirected from Fasting Plasma Glucose)
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glu·cose

 (glo͞o′kōs′)
n.
1. A monosaccharide sugar, C6H12O6, that is used by living things to obtain energy through the process of aerobic respiration within cells. It is the principal circulating sugar in the blood of humans and other mammals.
2. A colorless to yellowish syrupy mixture of dextrose, maltose, and dextrins containing about 20 percent water, used in confectionery, alcoholic fermentation, tanning, and treating tobacco. Also called starch syrup.

[French, from Greek glukus, sweet.]

glucose

(ˈɡluːkəʊz; -kəʊs)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) a white crystalline monosaccharide sugar that has several optically active forms, the most abundant being dextrose: a major energy source in metabolism. Formula: C6H12O6
2. (Elements & Compounds) a yellowish syrup (or, after desiccation, a solid) containing dextrose, maltose, and dextrin, obtained by incomplete hydrolysis of starch: used in confectionery, fermentation, etc
[C19: from French, from Greek gleukos sweet wine; related to Greek glukus sweet]
glucosic adj

glu•cose

(ˈglu koʊs)

n.
1. a simple sugar, C6H12O6, that is a product of photosynthesis and is the principal source of energy for all living organisms: concentrated in fruits and honey or readily obtainable from starch, other carbohydrates, or glycogen.
2. a syrup containing dextrose, maltose, and dextrine, obtained by the incomplete hydrolysis of starch.
[1830–40; < French < Greek glykýs sweet]
glu•cos′ic, adj.

glu·cose

(glo͞o′kōs′)
A crystalline sugar having the formula C6H12O6, found in plant and animal tissue and essential to the animal diet. It is transported by blood and lymph to all the cells of the body, where it is broken down to produce ATP, the main source of energy for cellular processes.

glucose

(or dextrose) A simple sugar: the form of carbohydrate absorbed from the alimentary canal, supplied by blood to the muscles and converted for storage to glycogen.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.glucose - a monosaccharide sugar that has several formsglucose - a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
aldohexose - a monosaccharide sugar having six carbon atoms and an aldehyde group
glucosamine - an amino derivative of glucose that is a component of many polysaccharides
corn sugar - dextrose made by hydrolysis of cornstarch
dextroglucose, dextrose, grape sugar - an isomer of glucose that is found in honey and sweet fruits
blood glucose, blood sugar - glucose in the bloodstream
Translations
جلوكوزجلوكوز: سُكَّر عِنَب
glucosa
glukózahroznový cukr
glukosedruesukker
glukozo
glukoosi
glukoza
szõlõcukor
glúkósi
グルコースブドウ糖
글루코오스포도당
gliukozė
glikoze
glukózaglukoza
glukosblodsockerdextrosdruvsocker
กลูโคส
đường glucose

glucose

[ˈgluːkəʊs] Nglucosa f

glucose

[ˈgluːkəʊz ˈgluːkəʊs] nglucose m

glucose

nGlucose f, → Glukose f, → Traubenzucker m

glucose

[ˈgluːkəʊs] nglucosio

glucose

(ˈgluːkous) noun
a kind of sugar found in the juice of fruit.

glucose

جلوكوز glukóza glukose Glukose γλυκόζη glucosa glukoosi glucose glukoza glucosio グルコース 글루코오스 glucose glukose glukoza glicose глюкоза glukos กลูโคส glükoz đường glucose 葡萄糖

glu·cose

n. glucosa, dextrosa, azúcar de fruta, fuente principal de energía en organismos vivos;
blood level of ___nivel de ___ en la sangre;
___, tolerance testprueba de tolerancia a la ___.

glucose

n glucosa
References in periodicals archive ?
Most researches focused on identifying risk factors at the first trimester for GDM development, including family predisposition, increased maternal age, cultural background, high Body Mass Index (BMI), elevated C-reactive protein levels and history of fetal macrosomia.8 Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) is a predictive index for type 2 diabetes.
The target population was subjects who were referred from medical and surgical OPDs for evaluation of their fasting plasma glucose in exact medical fasting status.
Keywords: Non-HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, Glycated haemoglobin, Homeostasis Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance, HOMA-IR, Fasting plasma glucose, FPG, Urine albumin creatinine ratio, UACR.
Although the specificity (52%) of fasting glucose for predicting the OGTT results is poorer than that of the 50-g glucose challenge test (69%--89%), fasting plasma glucose is more reproducible than postglucose load testing and has been directly related to pregnancy outcomes.
After those who had fasting plasma glucose [greater than or equal to] 126 mg/dL and/or 2 h plasma glucose > 200 mg/dL (n = 85), those who had HbA1c values [greater than or equal to] 6.9% (52 mmol/mol) (n = 42), those who had undergone gastrectomy (n = 32), those who were taking steroids (n = 1) or anticancer drugs (n = 1), those who or had any missing data (n = 18) were excluded, 2161 nondiabetic individuals were selected.
BLOOD GLUCOSE BY THE NUMBERS GLUCOSE TEST FASTING PLASMA GLUCOSE CONDITION 70-99 mg/dl Normal 100-125 mg/dL Prediabetes 126 mg/dL or higher Diabetes HbAlc CONDITION Below 5.7% Normal 5.7% to 6.4% Prediabetes 6.5% or higher Diabetes ORAL GLUCOSE CONDITION TOLERANCE TEST 139 mg/dl or lower Normal 140-199 mg/dl Prediabetes 200 mg/dl or higher Diabetes
The minor allele (Ser) showed a significant association with weight, BMI, fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol level and LDLC had no effect on age, height, triglycerides, HDLC and leptin.
Individuals with fasting plasma glucose < 110 mg/dL and without the minimum of three features of the metabolic syndrome set by the Inclusion criteria were enrolled as the control group.
"Recognizing fasting plasma glucose as a key biomarker enables a new interpretation of the data from many previous studies, which could potentially lead to a breakthrough in personalized nutrition," says Arne Astrup, MD, Head of Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports at University of Copenhagen.
SAN DIEGO--Based on their analysis of a cohort of more than half a million people, Swedish researchers now believe that mildly elevated fasting plasma glucose and triglyceride levels could indicate an increased risk for type 2 diabetes a quarter-century before diagnosis.
Laboratory findings revealed that fasting plasma glucose (FPG) was 140 mg/dL, postprandial plasma glucose 178 mg/dL, and HbA1C 7.2%.
Different metabolic factors were central obesity in 82 patients (74.5%), raised high density lipoprotein (HDL) in 19 patients (17.3%), raised cholesterol in 87 patients (79.1%), raised blood pressure in 65 patients (59.1%) and raised fasting plasma glucose in 82 patients (74.5%).