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 (lo͞o′pər-kā′lē-ə, -kāl′yə)
A fertility festival in ancient Rome, celebrated on February 15 in honor of the pastoral god Lupercus.

[Latin Lupercālia, from Lupercus, Roman god of flocks.]

Lu′per·ca′li·an adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl -lia or -lias
(Historical Terms) an ancient Roman festival of fertility, celebrated annually on Feb 15. See also Saint Valentine's Day
[Latin, from Lupercālis belonging to Lupercus, a Roman god of the flocks]
ˌLuperˈcalian adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌlu pərˈkeɪ li ə, -ˈkeɪl yə)
n., pl. -li•a, -li•as.
a festival held in ancient Rome on the 15th of February to promote fertility and ward off disasters.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
13 to 15, the Romans celebrated the feast of Lupercalia. The men sacrificed a goat and a dog, then whipped women with the hides of the animals they had just slain.
Lucie, FL, February 14, 2014 --( How Saint Valentine's Day came about is something of a mystery- some believe it replaces the pagan feast of Lupercalia, some believe it is because birds begin to couple off in February ready for the first sign of spring.
But the custom of sending love tokens comes from an old Roman celebration of the feast of Lupercalia, held in honour of Mars and the wolf.