Fenianism


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Related to Fenianism: Fenian movement

Fe·ni·an

 (fē′nē-ən)
n.
1. One of a legendary group of heroic Irish warriors of the second and third centuries ad.
2. A member of a secret revolutionary organization in the United States and Ireland in the mid-19th century, dedicated to the overthrow of British rule in Ireland.

[From alteration (influenced by féne, body of freemen under early Irish law) of Irish Gaelic fianna, bands of young warriors, from Old Irish fíanna, pl. of fían.]

Fe′ni·an adj.
Fe′ni·an·ism n.

Fenianism

the principles and practices of an Irish revolutionary organization founded in New York in 1858, especially its emphasis on the establishment of an independent Irish republic. — Fenian, n., adj.
See also: Politics
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References in periodicals archive ?
Other important topics emerge from this new volume of letters: Disraeli's old preoccupation with conspiracy and his new one with Fenianism, his ongoing devotion to things Jewish (he responds positively to a researcher's work that would "correct" his father's denigration of the Talmud), and his increasingly close relationship with Queen Victoria.
After a discussion of IPP members' residual links to nineteenth-century Fenianism, McConnel traces the party's response to the first Sinn Fein challenge (arguing that party dissidents who in 1907-8 wanted the party to take up the Sinn Fein policy mostly sought to reinvigorate the party rather than create a new one), MPs' ambivalent relationship with the Gaelic League and the wider 'Irish Ireland' movement, and the ways in which the IPP's generally (though not unanimously) hostile view of the 1913 lockout represented the wider conservatism of Irish nationalist society, with those MPs who sympathised with the strikers (usually intellectuals or British-based labourites) confining their expressions of discontent to private correspondence for the sake of unity.
7) The insurrectionary 'events in Manchester [and Clerkenwell prison] strengthened the impression that Fenianism was a powerful and sinister force at work in the very heart of English society', according to F.
The Black Hand of Republicanism: Fenianism in Modern Ireland (Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2009): 161-75.
In addition, he addresses a number of perceived lacunae, not least the relationship between Fenianism and radical agrarianism at a grass-roots level, and the political tensions that existed locally between constitutional and more radical nationalism.
He sees in this play the "emancipatory justification" (87) of a dignity defined by the ability to bear loss and suffer defeat, which Gregory offered as one means of taming the unruly and threatening aspects of Fenianism.
No obstante, el cuadro ofrecido por el feniano John O'Leary, en sus Recollections of Fenians and Fenianism (1882), y su famosa aseveracion de que "pretendiamos acabar con el dictado clerical, y lo logramos" es bastante incierto.
See for example, Michael de Nie, "A Medley Mob of Irish-American Plotters and Irish Dupes: The British Press and Transatlantic Fenianism," Journal of British Studies, 40 (April 2001), 214; and Steve Garner, "Atlantic Crossing: Whiteness as a Transatlantic Experience," Atlantic Studies, 4 (April 2007), 129.
Beginning with contextual background on the Land War period, the book examines the effects of the agricultural depression of the late 1870s on Kerry farmers, the development of radical responses, Land League agitation in the region, the influence of Fenianism and the rise of agrarian violence, and the influence of rural activism during the Home Rule period.
69) Though a long way from the tactics of Fenianism, or even the parliamentary obstructionists of the late 1870s, the spectre of dangerous and out-of-control Irishmen had re-emerged through comparison with the more restrained, rational, and respectful Scots.
Tyrrell traces O'Reilly's journey from early childhood through famine, revolution, Fenianism and being sent into penal servitude for life in Australia.
Their outrageous individuality must have intrigued Holder, whose home village was described in Noake's Victorian Worcestershire Guide as having "no dissenters' chapel, no church rate distur-bancesno Fenianism or agitation of any sort.