"Underground spaces could easily be used for growing crops," he said, as he toured the cavernous Bourbon Tunnel, dug deep under the Italian city of Naples as a potential escape route for King Ferdinand II
of Bourbon after the 1848 riots.
In the 16th century, Archduke Ferdinand II
was considered a bit of a hoarder, but his obsessions helped him to create one of the world's first museums.
It is home to Europe's oldest collection of arts, armouries and books, compiled by the Archduke of Austria, Ferdinand II
. Entry to the castle is free for Innsbruck Cardholders.
The palace itself was originally created by King Ferdinand II
and is arguably considered one of the greatest constructions of 19th-century romanticism in Portugal, with wonderful architecture and a magnificent interior.
That confidence began earlier with the rescue of Ferdinand II
by mounted cuirassiers in 1619, Bassett argues, and continued uninterrupted until 1918.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- Few were aware in 1618 when Ferdinand II
, in his role as king of Bohemia, attempted to impose Roman Catholic absolutism on his domains that Europe would change forever.
Christoph Kampfmann's chapter on the three emperors who reigned during the War (Matthias, 1612-19; Ferdinand II
, 1619-37; Ferdinand III, 1637-57) points out that of these three only Ferdinand II
has attracted a good deal of attention from historians, divided, until recent decades, between Protestant scholars extremely critical of an emperor said to have been too close to the Jesuits, and Catholic scholars laudatory of him.
In April 1492, Ferdinand II
of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile, after ending Muslims' rule in Spain, despatched Christopher Columbus on a sea voyage that culminated on discovery of American continent.
In 17th-century Europe, a local religious uprising by Bohemian Protestants against the Catholic Habsburg Emperor Ferdinand II
triggered that era's conflagration.
In 1512, King Ferdinand II
issued the original Laws of Burgos, which were intended to regulate the treatment of indigenous people on Hispaniola by Spanish settlers.
On the 9th of July 1628, the Grand Embassy of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II
, led by Kuefstein, departed from Vienna to Istanbul to the court of the Ottoman Sultan Murad IV.