In March 1492, Ferdinand and Isabella
instituted the Alhambra Decree, otherwise known as the Edict of Expulsion, which ordered the expulsion of practicing Jews from the country, ranging between 45,000 to 200,000.
One of the seminal events in both Spanish and Muslim history, the 1492 handover of Granada to Ferdinand and Isabella
effectively ended seven hundred years of an Islamic kingdom in southern Spain.
It does so by tracing the presence of biblical images in a selection of works composed between the reigns of Ferdinand and Isabella
and Philip IV.
The marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella
in 1469 led to the union of their two countries to form the basis of modern Spain.
The Spain of Ferdinand and Isabella
is painted for the reader in vivid descriptive prose and we are not shielded from the vicious reality of life under the inquisition where suspicion, distrust and torture reigns.
Granada's historical importance is best summed up in its beautiful cathedral, which contains the tomb of Ferdinand and Isabella
, the Catholic monarchs who defeated the Moors in 1492 and succeeded in unifying Spain.
This title, first published in the US by Double-day in 2005, is concerned with the conflict between a united Spanish monarchy, in the persons of Ferdinand and Isabella
, and the surviving Mohammedan presence in Spain, the Caliphate of Al Andalus.
A Habsburg, in his teens in 1516 he inherited Spain, which had been united by his grandparents Ferdinand and Isabella
. In 1519 he succeded his paternal grandfather Maximilian I as Holy Roman Emperor.
Several months before, Ferdinand and Isabella
, in a most uncatholic move, proclaimed an edict that expelled from Spain all Jews who would not convert to Catholicism.
For example, De Lollis printed a volume of materials edited by Gustavo Uzielli relating to the life and work of the famous Florentine Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli who, at the time, was thought to have corresponded directly with Columbus and to have provided him with a map demonstrating the navigability of the Atlantic which he then used to convince Ferdinand and Isabella
to underwrite his "Enterprise of the Indies." Today, scholars have revised the nineteenth-century emphasis upon the influence of Toscanelli on Columbus and have devised other explanations of the genesis of Columbus' ideas, so it is not surprising that Toscanelli does not occupy pride of place in the Repertorium Columbianum.
THERE is a little-known Spanish city in which you can see the birthplace of Cervantes, a newlydiscovered 17th century theatre, and a glorious Archbishop's Palace where Catherine of Aragon, Henry VIII's first wife, was born, and Christopher Columbus begged her parents, Catholic monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella
, for money to sail to the New World.
(Don Daniel was then jefe de los sabios.) In fact, those who supported him and pleaded his case with Ferdinand and Isabella
were conversos, marranos, and Jews.