Not everybody has the same iron requirement, however, but multivitamins typically contain about 18 mg of ferrous sulfate, ferric citrate, ferrous gluconate
or ferric sulfate.
The first-line treatment for IDA is oral iron replacement therapy (e.g., ferrous sulfate, ferrous gluconate
, ferrous fumarate) for 3-6 months for iron stores repletion (Camaschella, 2015).
Studies have utilized multiple forms of supplements including ferrous gluconate
, ferrous fumarate, ferrous bisglycinate, iron (Il)-glycine-sulfate-complex, and ferrous sulfate.
Various vitamins and dietary supplements contain Fe in the form of ferrous fumarate, ferrous sulfate, and ferrous gluconate
. Recently several commercial samples of Elevit (Rottendorf Pharma GmbH, Germany), Vitrum (Unifarm, Inc., USA), Children's Multi Vitamin (Target Corporation Minneapolis, USA), Multi For Her (Nature Made Nutritional Products, USA), and Multitabs (Ferrosan A/S, Denmark) containing ferrous fumarate and Sorbifer Durules (Egis, Hungary), Hemofer[R] (Glaxo-SmithKline Medicines S.A., Poland), Falvit[R] (Jelfa, Poland), and Vitaral (Jelfa, Poland) containing ferrous sulfate were studied using Moossbauer spectroscopy [4-6].
To study the influence of the chemical form and the concentration of iron on the dielectric properties of milk, two iron sources were selected: ferrous gluconate
and ferrous chloride, both analytically pure, and they were purchased from chemical reagents of national pharmaceutical group of China.
In a study of elderly patients with iron deficiency, 90 hospitalized elderly patients older than 80 years with iron deficiency anemia were randomized to receive elemental iron as 15 mg or 50 mg of liquid ferrous gluconate
, or 150 mg of ferrous calcium citrate for 60 days.
As ferrous iron is most efficiently absorbed, ferrous salts like ferrous sulphate, ferrous fumarate and ferrous gluconate
are commonly used.
Each donor was given either ferrous gluconate
(a type of iron) or no treatment for up to 24 weeks after donating.
In view of this, it is essential to study the corrosion behavior of aluminum in ferrous gluconate
Ferrous sulfate and ferrous gluconate
are the two preferred oral preparations of iron, given the low cost and good bioavailability of elemental iron.
Among five iron supplements, a commercial ferrous gluconate
source demonstrated higher Caco-2 cell iron uptake than brands D (heme and non-heme iron), E (carbonyl iron), F (ferrous fumarate) or G (ferrous sulfate).