Fertile Crescent

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Fer·tile Crescent

A region of the Middle East extending from the Levant across the northern part of the Syrian Desert to the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Climatic and ecological conditions in the Fertile Crescent favored the Neolithic development of agriculture, eventually giving rise to such civilizations as Sumer, Egypt, Babylonia, and Phoenicia.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Fertile Crescent

(Placename) an area of fertile land in the Middle East, extending around the Rivers Tigris and Euphrates in a semicircle from Israel to the Persian Gulf, where the Sumerian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Phoenician, and Hebrew civilizations flourished
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

Fer′tile Cres′cent

a crescent-shaped agricultural region of the ancient Near East beginning at the Mediterranean Sea and extending between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers to the Persian Gulf.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

Fertile crescent

An area bordering the Mediterranean and including the Nile valley where western civilization and its derivations began. It was farmed with settled communities from c. 8000 BC.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Fertile crescent - a geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and EuphratesFertile Crescent - a geographical area of fertile land in the Middle East stretching in a broad semicircle from the Nile to the Tigris and Euphrates
Middle East, Mideast, Near East - the area around the eastern Mediterranean; from Turkey to northern Africa and eastward to Iran; the site of such ancient civilizations as Phoenicia and Babylon and Egypt and the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity and Islam; had continuous economic and political turmoil in the 20th century; "the Middle East is the cradle of Western civilization"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The author has organized the main body of his text into eight sections, devoted to AramaicAEs place among the Semitic languages, the emergence of Aramaic dialects in the Fertile Cresent, the spread of Aramaic in the Assyrian and Babylonian empires, official Aramaic and Achaemenid chancellery, Aramaic in the Hellenistic and early Roman Near East, and a variety of other related subjects.
Whereas Christians represented 7 percent and Jews 1 percent of the population of the Fertile Cresent in 1580, by 1881 the Christian population represented 20 percent and the Jewish population 2 percent of the Empire.