figure of speech

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figure of speech

n. pl. figures of speech
An expression that uses language in a nonliteral way, such as a metaphor or synecdoche, or in a structured or unusual way, such as anaphora or chiasmus, or that employs sounds, such as alliteration or assonance, to achieve a rhetorical effect.

figure of speech

n
(Rhetoric) an expression of language, such as simile, metaphor, or personification, by which the usual or literal meaning of a word is not employed

fig′ure of speech′



n.
an expression in which words are used in a nonliteral sense, as in metaphor, or in an unusual construction, as in antithesis, or for their sounds, as in onomatopoeia, to suggest vivid images or to heighten effect.
[1815–25]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.figure of speech - language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense
cakewalk - an easy accomplishment; "winning the tournament was a cakewalk for him"; "invading Iraq won't be a cakewalk"
blind alley - (figurative) a course of action that is unproductive and offers no hope of improvement; "all the clues led the police into blind alleys"; "so far every road that we've been down has turned out to be a blind alley"
megahit, smash hit, blockbuster - an unusually successful hit with widespread popularity and huge sales (especially a movie or play or recording or novel)
sleeper - an unexpected hit; "that movie was the sleeper of the summer"
home run, bell ringer, bull's eye, mark - something that exactly succeeds in achieving its goal; "the new advertising campaign was a bell ringer"; "scored a bull's eye"; "hit the mark"; "the president's speech was a home run"
housecleaning - (figurative) the act of reforming by the removal of unwanted personnel or practices or conditions; "more housecleaning is in store at other accounting firms"; "many employees were discharged in a general housecleaning by the new owners"
goldbrick - anything that is supposed to be valuable but turns out to be worthless
lens - (metaphor) a channel through which something can be seen or understood; "the writer is the lens through which history can be seen"
rhetorical device - a use of language that creates a literary effect (but often without regard for literal significance)
conceit - an elaborate poetic image or a far-fetched comparison of very dissimilar things
irony - a trope that involves incongruity between what is expected and what occurs
exaggeration, hyperbole - extravagant exaggeration
kenning - conventional metaphoric name for something, used especially in Old English and Old Norse poetry
metaphor - a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
metonymy - substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in `they counted heads')
oxymoron - conjoining contradictory terms (as in `deafening silence')
prosopopoeia, personification - representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature
simile - a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with `like' or `as')
synecdoche - substituting a more inclusive term for a less inclusive one or vice versa
zeugma - use of a word to govern two or more words though appropriate to only one; "`Mr. Pickwick took his hat and his leave' is an example of zeugma"
domino effect - the consequence of one event setting off a chain of similar events (like a falling domino causing a whole row of upended dominos to fall)
flip side - a different aspect of something (especially the opposite aspect); "the flip side of your positive qualities sometimes get out of control"; "on the flip side of partnerships he talked about their competition"
period - the end or completion of something; "death put a period to his endeavors"; "a change soon put a period to my tranquility"
summer - the period of finest development, happiness, or beauty; "the golden summer of his life"
dawn - an opening time period; "it was the dawn of the Roman Empire"
evening - a later concluding time period; "it was the evening of the Roman Empire"
rainy day - a (future) time of financial need; "I am saving for a rainy day"

figure of speech

noun expression, image, turn of phrase, trope It was just a figure of speech.

Figures of speech

alliteration, allusion, anacoluthia, anadiplosis, analogy, anaphora, anastrophe, antiphrasis, antithesis, antonomasia, apophasis, aporia, aposiopesis, apostrophe, catachresis, chiasmus, circumlocution, climax, emphasis, epanaphora, epanorthosis, exclamation, gemination, hendiadys, hypallage, hyperbaton, hyperbole, hysteron proteron, inversion, irony, kenning, litotes, malapropism, meiosis, metaphor, metonymy, onomatopoeia, oxymoron, paralipsis or paraleipsis, parenthesis, periphrasis, personification, pleonasm, polysyndeton, prolepsis, prosopopoeia or prosopopeia, repetition, rhetorical question, sarcasm, simile, spoonerism, syllepsis, synechdoche, tmesis, zeugma
Translations
إستِعارَه، تَشْبيه
figura
billedligt udtryk
kielikuva
façon de parlerfigure de style
szókép
líking, myndhverfing
figura de linguagem
talesätt

figure of speech

nfigura retorica
it's just a figure of speech (fig) → è solo un modo di dire

figure

(ˈfigə) , ((American) ˈfigjər) noun
1. the form or shape of a person. A mysterious figure came towards me; That girl has got a good figure.
2. a (geometrical) shape. The page was covered with a series of triangles, squares and other geometrical figures.
3. a symbol representing a number. a six-figure telephone number.
4. a diagram or drawing to explain something. The parts of a flower are shown in figure 3.
verb
1. to appear (in a story etc). She figures largely in the story.
2. to think, estimate or consider. I figured that you would arrive before half past eight.
ˈfigurative (-rətiv) adjective
of or using figures of speech. figurative language.
ˈfiguratively adverb
ˈfigurehead noun
1. a person who is officially a leader but who does little or has little power. She is the real leader of the party – he is only a figurehead.
2. an ornamental figure (usually of carved wood) attached to the front of a ship.
figure of speech
one of several devices (eg metaphor, simile) for using words not with their ordinary meanings but to make a striking effect.
figure out
to understand. I can't figure out why he said that.
References in periodicals archive ?
The remaining chapters detail the type and occurrence of this figurative speech, classified according to type of text, and including the specific text in the original and translation into German.
In Sanaei images, the readers face with many examples of figurative speech specially personification, the number of metaphors in Sanaei poems confirm BooAli ideas who said; "poets have a great interest in the use of metaphor, so that if they face something which has two names, one original and the other the changed, they tend into the changed name [6]
The emphasis on God as infinite being and as infinitely remote from creatures has three important implications for Zwingli: (1) divine providence leaves no place for human freedom; (2) the eucharistic bread cannot contain God himself but can only signify God; and (3) the Chalcedonian formula of the unity of Christ's human and divine nature is only figurative speech, which implies a Nestorian tendency in Zwingli (95-99).
Ernesto Grassi suggests that the relationship between rational speech (dialectic) and figurative speech (rhetoric) is, if anything, the reverse of that established by the modern philosophical tradition.
Figurative speech aside, the bread and butter of dairy purveyor Organic Valley is its ability to expedite orders of perishables in an accurate and timely fashion.
Indeed nearly every sentence spoken by Jesus contains a figure of speech, so he concludes that figurative speech is his main mode of expression.
One of the most noticeable levels on which the incongruity between the novelistic universe and the cultural context of reception was felt, is the exuberant narrative style and the abundant use of figurative speech.
Here in Michael Brown's She and I: A Fugue the author employs a multitude of lyrical techniques such as line breaks rhythm and figurative speech to create a memoir that reads like verse but has all the narrative elements of creative nonfiction.
Shultz, and its impact on the later theories of verbal humour proposed by Raskin and Attardo (SSTH and GTVH); Amos Tversky and Andrew Ortony with their ideas of the salience, imbalance, asymmetricity and irreversibility of metaphors and similes; Tourangeau and Sternberg with their theory of the domain-related aptness of metaphors; the main clusters of problems concerning figurative speech (particularly idioms) in contemporary psycholinguistics.
Apparently more in keeping with the overall theme of the collection is Elena Xeni's examination of the problems pertaining to the translation of figurative speech.
When criticizing figurative speech and the art of rhetoric in his Essay Concerning Human Understanding, John Locke states that:
Much critical reception of Typhoon--which pits a ship's captain incapable of figurative speech against a "great wind" that "disintegrate[s]" the linguistic economy of his vessel into "shreds and fragments of forlorn shouting'--has focused on its remarkable, and perhaps prototypically modernist, insight into the twentieth century's theoretical interest in the contingency of the linguistic sign (Conrad 31).