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A country of northern Europe on the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland. Settled by Finnish people by the beginning of the 8th century, the region was controlled from the 13th century by Sweden and after 1809 by Russia. Finland became independent in 1917. Helsinki is the capital and the largest city.
1. (Placename) a republic in N Europe, on the Baltic Sea: ceded to Russia by Sweden in 1809; gained independence in 1917; Soviet invasion successfully withstood in 1939–40, with the loss of Karelia; a member of the European Union. It is generally low-lying, with about 50 000 lakes, extensive forests, and peat bogs. Official languages: Finnish and Swedish. Religion: Christian, Lutheran majority. Currency: euro. Capital: Helsinki. Pop: 5 266 114 (2013 est). Area: 337 000 sq km (130 120 sq miles). Finnish name: Suomi
2. (Placename) Gulf of Finland an arm of the Baltic Sea between Finland, Estonia, and Russia
1. Finnish, Suomi. a republic in N Europe: on the Baltic. 5,518,372; 130,119 sq. mi. (337,010 sq. km).Cap.: Helsinki.
2. Gulf of, an arm of the Baltic, S of Finland.
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|Noun||1.||Finland - republic in northern Europe; achieved independence from Russia in 1917|
Common Market, EC, EEC, European Community, European Economic Community, European Union, EU, Europe - an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members; "he tried to take Britain into the Europen Union"
Karelia - a region in Finland and Russia between the Gulf of Finland and the White Sea
capital of Finland, Finnish capital, Helsingfors, Helsinki - the capital and largest city of Finland; located in southern Finland; a major port and commercial and cultural center
Espoo - a city in southern Finland
Aaland islands, Ahvenanmaa, Aland islands - an archipelago of some 6,000 islands in the Gulf of Bothnia under Finnish control
Europe - the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles
Finn - a native or inhabitant of Finland
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Finland[ˈfɪnlənd] N → Finlandia f
n → Finnland nt