First Nations

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First Nation

n. Canadian
An organized aboriginal group or community, especially any of the bands officially recognized by the Canadian government.

First Nations adj.
Usage Note: First Nation is widely used in Canada as a respectful alternative to Indian, much as Native American is in the United States. However, the two terms are not exact equivalents. First Nation is essentially a political term used as a substitute for band in referring to any of the numerous aboriginal groups formally recognized by the Canadian government under the Indian Act of 1876. Unlike Native American, it is not a comprehensive ethnic term for all indigenous peoples of the Americas or even of Canada. While it is sometimes used loosely in referring to Indian groups other than those identified in the 1876 Act, it specifically does not include non-Indian peoples such as the Inuit or the Métis. · First Nation has no form for an individual who is a member of a qualifying group. Officially, such a person is known as a status Indian or in some cases a treaty Indian.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

First′ Na′tions
the indigenous peoples of Canada.
Also called First′ Peo′ples.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
M2 EQUITYBITES-July 30, 2019-Pure Gold Mining Establishes Partnership with Canadian First Nations Wabauskang, Lac Seul
The First Nations Housing Community (FNHC) is designed to support First Nation communities in managing their housing programs, while bridging the gaps between First Nations, government, and industry.
Solar power is a common means by which many First Nations communities are embracing green energy, says Bull, as solar power is easier to maintain and easier to install and training can be done within a few months.
The proposed dam will result in the flooding of 5,550 hectares of land within the traditional territory of Treaty 8 First Nations. This construction of Site-C will have significant negative impacts on the ability of Treaty 8 First Nations to exercise their constitutionally-protected treaty rights to harvest and to engage in various traditional activities on the land surrounding the reservoir.
Inspired by Joseph Legare's painting of the English actor Edmund Kean performing Shakespeare soliloquys in nineteenth-century Wendake and the bond Kean subsequently formed with members of the Huron-Wendat Nation, (4) the Ex Machina/Huron-Wendat production of La Tempete endeavoured to forge an alliance between First Nations people and Quebecois artists (Isabelle).
Onion Lake Cree Nation is one of 11 First Nations and the only Saskatchewan First Nation to be the most recent additions to the First Nations Fiscal and Statistical Management Act.
Demographic transitions may also be contributing to an increase in age-related dementias in First Nations. The number of First Nations people in Canada is on the rise and expected to increase 1.4 times between 2006 and 2031.
ON DECEMBER 3RD, 2009, as public hearings on Harmonized Sales Tax (HST) opened in the Legislative Assembly, First Nations leaders in Queen's Park denounced the Crown's violation of the treaties in imposing a new tax regime without substantial input from First Nation communities.
Yet, despite the existence of long standing federal policies aimed at ensuring that First Nations homes and communities are provided with the physical infrastructure that meets commonly accepted health and safety standards and is similar to that available in neighboring, non-Indian communities or comparable locations, many First Nations communities in Canada do not have consistent access to clean drinking water.
The James Bay Treaty 9 area takes in two-thirds of the province of Ontario and is home to about 45,000 First Nations people living on-reserve.

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