The First Vatican Council
(1869-70) has been for a long time a theological conundrum and at the same time a strong marker of Catholic identity: not just among ordinary Catholics, but also (if not especially) among professional theologians.
engagingly unfolds this power narrative from that point through the First Vatican Council
, the imposition of stringent safeguards against Modernism, and the silencing of theologians in the 1940s and 1950s.
A historian specializing in Mexican law, Gong[sz]lez argues that in order to better understand the Mexican experience of the middle 19th century, it is essential to understand the dramatic transformations of the Catholic Church in Mexico between the fall of the Bourbon regime and the celebration of the First Vatican Council
The account pivots on the 1870 definition of papal infallibility at the First Vatican Council
The book's first essay, by Horst Moller, puts Acton the man--and Acton the thinker--into historical context, examining the evolution of the idea of religious freedom in both conservatism and liberalism from the Enlightenment to the nineteenth century, and showing how that served as the intellectual backdrop to what was perhaps the central conflict of Acton's life: his opposition to papal infallibility at the First Vatican Council
He defined the dogma of the Immaculate Conception in 1848 and called the First Vatican Council
in 1868, which defined papal infallibility and the divine inspiration of the Bible.
Far from being a mere "stop-gap" Pope, to great excitement, John XXIII called for an ecumenical council fewer than ninety years after the First Vatican Council
(Vatican I's predecessor, the Council of Trent, had been held in the 16th century).
The pope has, especially since the declaration of papal infallibility at the First Vatican Council
, acquired a quasi-inspired status, as if he had a direct line to the Holy One.
Many Catholic authorities and experts had held the position that since the First Vatican Council
, ending in 1870, future councils would be unnecessary.
Maistre's "utopian" version of papal infallibility rejected by the First Vatican Council
(1869-70) would have led "to caesaro-papism in the temporal sphere.
That first Vatican council
came to a sudden end on 18 July 1870 when, in the midst of a great thunderstorm, the vote was taken on papal infallibility.
Verhoeven concludes Transatlantic Anti-Catholicism by recounting the controversy of papal infallibility in the First Vatican Council
and by returning to the provocative tale of Father Hyacinthe's estrangement from the Catholic Church and marriage to an American widow.