Homo floresiensis

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Homo flo·re·si·en·sis

An extinct species or form of diminutive hominin known from a skull and other fossil remains found on Flores Island, Indonesia, dating from about 95,000 to 17,000 years ago. It has been nicknamed the Hobbit, or Flores man. Although it has been suggested that the bones are those of modern humans with a pathological condition such as microcephaly, most scientists believe that they represent a hominin species descended either from Homo erectus or from an earlier species of Homo.

[New Latin Homō floresiēnsis, species name : Latin homō, man; see Homo + New Latin floresiēnsis, of Flores.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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In 2003, fossils of another island-dwelling species-Homo floresiensis, dubbed the 'hobbit' due to its diminutive size-were unearthed in a cave on the Indonesian island of Flores, some 3,000 kilometers from the Luzon site.
"If you want to look for another species, like Floresiensis, we have nothing to compare, so we had to develop another method: We 'paint' chunks of the genome based on the source," Serena Tucci, one of the researchers involved in the work, said in a (https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/pu-mfi080118.php) statement .
'Flores after Floresiensis. Implications of local reaction to recent palaeoanthropological discoveries on an eastern Indonesian island', Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, Vol.
floresiensis in the hominin phylogenetic tree, and within broader cladistic analysis (e.g., [11-13]).
floresiensis, was very recently discovered in Indonesia.
floresiensis, for example, challenges the view of some experts that H.
floresiensis, and finds in the cave have been dated dated as long ago as 38,000 years ago.
floresiensis was nicknamed "The Hobbit" for its short build.
floresiensis, says a team led by paleontologist Gerrit van den Bergh of the University of Wollongong in Australia and Japanese biological anthropologist Yousuke Kaifu.
floresiensis has overturned the idea that 'Middle Pleistocene hominids have always been denied the ability to manipulate their world' (p.95).