But the scores of various countries within the European Union differ markedly, with some of those of the former communist states
in Eastern Europe bringing down the average.
Poland joined NATO in 1999 along with Hungary and the Czech Republic, and since then other former communist states
, including Baltic republics bordering Russia, have joined despite Moscow's strong opposition.
Summary: Since 2004, when the European Union was enlarged to include many of the former communist states
of Central and Eastern Europe, its regional funding mechanism has been heavily geared toward ameliorating economic inequalities between old and "new" member states.
Many Brexit supporters blame Blair's government, which allowed citizens of former communist states
to settle immediately in Britain despite a long transition period implemented by other EU countries, for a big influx of EU migrants from 2004.
The EU assisted the former Communist states
to create a new identity that would conform to the shared norms of the European Union member states, and as pointed out earlier, the Bulgarian political elite made all out efforts to spread awareness among the public, of the need to redefine their identity as "European".
According to Nikolov, the problems of the transition were two: that the revolution was made by people who grew up in communism and raised in and with lies and that instead of coming up with its own model for reforms, Bulgaria borrowed from other former communist states
The former communist states
of Europe are excellent cases for the study of elite formation.
One EU diplomat noted that Moscow has repeatedly used trade embargoes to put pressure on former communist states
, such as Moldova or Georgia, who are looking for closer ties with the European Union.
Of all former east bloc countries, including those of Eastern Europe, Kazakhstan is among the few former communist states
in having attracted the largest foreign direct investment (FDI) in per capita terms.
This was in 1993 by the federal government into existence to help the former communist states
in Central and Eastern Europe in the development of democracy and the social market economy.
When Nato leaders gather in September at Newport's Celtic Manor resort, will delegations from former Communist states
demand proof we are prepared to defend their security with force?
Perhaps he should look carefully at the former communist states
and see what a mess his comrades have made of them!