Since medieval philosophers believed that the human body was a mix of four humours
, that is, blood, choler, phlegm and melancholia, artists drew on this theory and depicted human personality as being melancholic, choleric, phlegmatic or sanguine, depending on these four humours
TREATMENT METHODS AND THEORIES: The foundation of all of Galen's treatment methods was his belief that disease resulted from an internal imbalance of the four humours
: air (blood), fire (yellow bile), earth (black bile) and water (phlegm).
The denomination of gout appeared later, in the Middle Ages, when Medicine was being dominated by "the theory of humours" which explained the disease by a disequilibrium in the four humours
: blood, yellow bile, black bile and phlegm.
e activities will include a museum trail linked to the four humours
. ere will also be an apothecary shop (16th century pharmacy) in the craft studio, where visitors will get to create their own ghastly cures.
Introduce the subject of melancholy and the four humours
. Show students a pre-selected series of art images that depict the malady.
1), Durer's engraving offers the reader the perfect springboard from which to dive into Dixons in-depth analysis of melancholia, one of the four humours
. It is truly a thought-provoking image, which only serves to entice the reader further into Dixon s work.
The surgeons of the day put deadly infections down to "bad air" and disease on imbalances of the "four humours
" - blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile.
The answer to all may be 'yes', for Silberman's catalogue essay says that her red, yellow, black and white are associated with the four humours
of the body in Hippocratic medicine.
The system is based on the Hippocratic theory of four humours
, the fluids in the body, that determine the body's condition and its health as well as the susceptibility to disease.
It took many centuries for medicine to abandon the Hippocratic theory of four humours
that led to logical treatment: bleed to get rid of bad humours; starve to prevent new ones from forming; or purge to get rid of the rest, from above, from below or from any other exit.
FOR centuries we believed disease was caused by an imbalance in our four humours
- today we realise there are innumerable causes of ill health.
No matter how hard we try, we cannot understand how any intelligent person could believe in the four humours
, or expect to cure fever with venesection, or fail to see that cholera is caused by something in the water.