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Related to Fourier series: Fourier transform
An infinite series whose terms are constants multiplied by sine and cosine functions and that can, if uniformly convergent, approximate a wide variety of functions.
[After Baron Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier.]
(Mathematics) an infinite trigonometric series of the form a0 + a1cos x + b1sin x + a2cos 2x + b2sin 2x + …, where a0, a1, b1, a2, b2 … are the Fourier coefficients. It is used, esp in mathematics and physics, to represent or approximate any periodic function by assigning suitable values to the coefficients
an infinite series that approximates a given function on a specified domain by using linear combinations of sines and cosines.
[1875–80; see Fourier analysis]