Fourierism


Also found in: Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Fourierism: Fourierist, phalansteries

Fou·ri·er·ism

 (fo͝or′ē-ə-rĭz′əm)
n.
A system for social reform advocated by Charles Fourier in the early 1800s, proposing that society be organized into self-sustaining communal groups.

Fou′ri·er·ist, Fou′ri·er·ite′ (-ə-rīt′) n.

Fourierism

(ˈfʊərɪəˌrɪzəm)
n
(Sociology) the system of Charles Fourier under which society was to be organized into self-sufficient cooperatives
ˈFourierist, Fourierite n, adj
ˌFourierˈistic adj

Fou•ri•er•ism

(ˈfʊər i əˌrɪz əm)

n.
the social system proposed by François Marie Charles Fourier under which society was to be organized into self-sufficient phalanxes large enough for all industrial and social requirements.
[1835–45; < French fouriérisme]
Fou′ri•er•ist, Fou′ri•er•ite` (-əˌraɪt) n.

Fourierism

a utopian social reform, planned by the French social scientist F.M. Charles Fourier, that organized groups into cooperative units called phalansteries, as Brook Farm. Also called phalansterianism. — Fourierist, Fourierite, n.
See also: Communalism
References in classic literature ?
So with Mesmerism, Swedenborgism, Fourierism, and the Millennial Church; they are poor pretensions enough, but good criticism on the science, philosophy, and preaching of the day.
Guarneri, The Utopian Alternative: Fourierism in Nineteenth-Century America (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1991), 103.
There is one inconsistency, however, in Fourierism, and a very important one too, and that is, his non-abolition of private property.
His writings found a meandering way into the hands of sympathetic and influential Americans, among them Horace Greeley, editor of the New-York Tribune, who gave him and Fourierism a lengthy hearing afforded to no utopian idea before or since.
Fourierism was far more to Mill's taste--"[t]he most skillfully combined, and with the greatest foresight of objections, of all the forms of Socialism" (2:211-12).
Fourierism sought to eradicate poverty by raising wages and establishing a minimum standard of income for all members of the community.
And both these articles printed, as all her pieces, on the New-York Tribune's front page, along with the umpteenth installment of an ongoing debate about Fourierism and the latest vote on an ongoing battle over the abolition of capital punishment--all read by tens of thousands of farmers and mechanics throughout the North.
Barrett Browning's distrust of Christian Socialism on the one hand and Fourierism on the other is based in part on her belief that both approaches were overly abstract: "What is [Christian Socialism], after all, but an out-of-door extension of the monastic system?
Greeley, brilliant as he was, had a liberal weakness for all sorts of nostrums -- socialism, Fourierism, vegetarianism, phrenology, spiritualism, utopianism -- you name it.
From this partial account of his interests, "his ties with the utopian tradition, particularly Fourierism, his relationship with such exponents of the Unitarian faith, and, finally, his decided stand against slavery make Olmsted a typical figure of American progressivism" (Dal Co 1979, 160).
In its earliest use, "avant-garde" denominated the artistic groups around 1825, commonly associated with Saint-Simonism and Fourierism.
Guarneri, The Utopian Alternative: Fourierism in Nineteenth-Century America (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1991), 15-20; Berry, America's Utopian Experiments, 85-86; Walters, American Reformers, 1815-1860, 67-75.