The Owenites in England, and the Fourierists
in France, respectively, oppose the Chartists and the Reformistes.
At a later period he had spent some months in a community of Fourierists
. Still more recently he had been a public lecturer on Mesmerism, for which science (as he assured Phoebe, and, indeed, satisfactorily proved, by putting Chanticleer, who happened to be scratching near by, to sleep) he had very remarkable endowments.
What is more important, Holgrave's enterprising spirit and radical reform plan also stem from his previous experience as a Fourierist
, one who commits himself to a visionary future built upon a complete destruction of the past.
Contravening Fourier's theory of the affections as permanent and stable within individuals, the novel draws on the language of nervous sympathy to depict individuals' emotions as comparatively impermanent, fluid, and resistant to the sort of affective management that lies at the heart of the Fourierist
Other communities were formed as a reaction against capitalist impulses and the financial insecurity caused by free market exchange and speculation run rampant in the nineteenth century, including the Fourierist
Phalanxes and Robert Owen's New Harmony.
On the other hand, Fourierist
traits can be recognized in Sade.
(41) See the Fourierist
socialist writer Victor Considerant in an essay "La Theorie de la propriete" (The Theory of Property), which was published in La Phalange in May 1839 and republished several times during the 1848 revolution.
Theller, Patriot organizer and newspaper publisher in Detroit--led Fourierist
In 1845, the Philadelphia Industrial Association established a Fourierist
Phalanx on a farm in the northwestern corner of what is now South Bend (the city where I teach), in the U.S.
Brook Farm spent its entire store on building a "phalanstery," a Fourierist
central hall, which fell victim to a fire.
"Well, we live as we like [...] Remember, again, that poverty is extinct, and that the Fourierist
phalangsteries and all their kind, as was but natural at the time, implied nothing but a refuge from mere destitution.
As a "committed Fourierist
" through the influence of Albert Brisbane, Greeley held with his fellow associationists "that the interests of labor, capital and talent could be reconciled by fixing the rewards of work according to a more egalitarian formula" (475), but the Fourierists
offered an additional hope: that alienated work would disappear entirely, as the dichotomy between mental and manual labor could be dissolved and people would only engage in work that they really loved to do.