The Owenites in England, and the Fourierists
in France, respectively, oppose the Chartists and the Reformistes.
At a later period he had spent some months in a community of Fourierists
JENNINGS BEGINS his history of five utopian movements--the Shakers, the Owenites, the Fourierists
, the Icarians, and Oneida--from a position of sympathy.
Shakers, Owenites, Fourierists
, Icarians, and Oneida Perfectionists all "labored under the very specific belief that small communistic societies could trigger a new and perfected existence across the entire globe" (11).
By Socialists, in 1847, were understood, on the one hand the adherents of the various Utopian systems: Owenites in England, Fourierists
in France, both of them already reduced to the position of mere sects, and gradually dying out; on the other hand, the most multifarious social quacks who, by all manner of tinkering, professed to redress, without any danger to capital and profit, all sorts of social grievances, in both cases men outside the working-class movement, and looking rather to the "educated" classes for support.
As a "committed Fourierist
" through the influence of Albert Brisbane, Greeley held with his fellow associationists "that the interests of labor, capital and talent could be reconciled by fixing the rewards of work according to a more egalitarian formula" (475), but the Fourierists
offered an additional hope: that alienated work would disappear entirely, as the dichotomy between mental and manual labor could be dissolved and people would only engage in work that they really loved to do.
Hammond, La Reunion: A French Settlement in Texas (Dallas, TX: Royal Publishing Company, 1958), 52; Victor Considerant, European Colonization in Texas: An Address to the American People (New York: Barker, Godwin, 1855), 58-60; James Pratt "Jeudi, 22 Decembre 1854: Les premiers fourieristes
foulent le sol du Texas," [Thursday, December 22, 1854: The First Fourierists
Tread the Soil of Texas], Cahiers Charles Fourier [Notebooks of Charles Fourier] 4 (1993):28-39; Godin, "Documents pour un biografie complete" [Documents for a Complete Biography], Le Devoir [The Duty] 25 (1901): 11-18; Santerre, White Cliffs of Dallas, 32; Lutz, "Almost Utopia," 324; Beecher, Victor Considerant and the Rise and Fall of French Romatic Socialism, 320-21.
Influenced by Saint-Simonians and Fourierists
, she saw herself as a messiah or prophet and asserts this idea repeatedly in her letters: "Que les disciples du Christ, de Saint-Simon, de Fourier, de Flora Tristan (quand elle en aura--ce qui sera avant 10 ans), que les disciples posent, c'est un fait que je ne nie pas et qui est meme providentiel" (124).
1-31, 89-95; and (on line) Kathryn Tomasek and Adam Tuchinsky, "'Spirits Bound to the Same Haven': American Fourierists
, Marriage, and the Political Economy of Love" <www.
Indeed, many observers dubbed their members "Four-year-ites" rather than Fourierists
12) Whether or not he has a specific historical model, Balzac's fictional Jewish banker gains the kind of ascendancy in Parisian society that Fourierists
like Toussenel fantasize as the goal of the Jews.
Hartmut Stenzel sees Baudelaire as being allied with Fourierists