Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Last Holy Roman emperor (1792-1806) and emperor of Austria (1804-1835) as Francis I. When Napoleon forced the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire (1806), Francis renounced his title, ruled over the Austrian Empire, and helped defeat Napoleon (1813-1815).
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
1. (Biography) 1544–60, king of France (1559–60); son of Henry II and Catherine de' Medici; first husband of Mary, Queen of Scots
2. (Biography) 1768–1835, last Holy Roman Emperor (1792–1806) and, as Francis I, first emperor of Austria (1804–35). The Holy Roman Empire was dissolved (1806) following his defeat by Napoleon at Austerlitz
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014