Some specific topics include the Falange and the Spanish counter-revolution, the journal Escorial, fascist Italy and Francoist Spain in the European context, and Francoism
and opposition in the 1950s.
en] The Francoism
purge of the secondary school teacher in Madrid
Anti-fascism by Another Name: Gustavo Duran, The Good Neighbor, and 'Franquismo' in the United States" En Music and Francoism
, editado por Gemma Perez Zalduondo y German Gan Quesada, 367-381.
This paper focuses on the analysis of that hue from the script writing up to--after the mandatory censorship process--its formalization in the film, with the aim of verifying its recurrence in several of his productions from different stages of Francoism
The troupe, warily incorporating a volatile actor called Toti (Jordi Pau), a legendary figure from Ibiza's hippie scene, mostly lounge around like Warholian odalisques, discussing drugs (heroin, LSD, Nolotil) and consuming alcohol (beer, wine, anisette); expounding on such echt-Iberian topics as Dali, Francoism
, and toreadors; and preparing for shoots that never seem to happen.
In his overview of the different strands of Francoist nationalism, Ismael Saz Campos proposes that we should look at Francoism
as a nationalist dictatorship whose ambitious and all-encompassing programme for the nationalisation of Spain took direct inspiration from the post-1898 preoccupation with Spanish imperial-national decadence and its possible correctives (17).
12) Even Balada triste, which is quite the anomaly for its explicit treatment of Francoism
and Franco, counts on the exaggerated body modifications of the protagonist to become a demented killer clown.
Individually, these chapters analyze how some movies target female spectators from Spain, or how others tap into the rising social unrest of the mid-century, to undercut patriotism, or how others bring to the private sphere the social and political situation of Francoism
, thus 'resignifying' a landmark of Hollywood cinema by adapting it to Spain's political terms.
She comments that "in contemporary Spain, the essentialist use of the term 'difference,' used during Francoism
to characterize the country as a whole, has not been erased, but merely shifted to refer only to the 'peripheral' (particularly Basque, Catalan and Galician) nationalities" (Delgado 119).
However, Jo Labanyi has convincingly argued the case that Francoism
was a form of conservative modernity, which supposed a rupture with the immediate liberal past and deployed historical narrative for nationalist ends rather than to promote a regression to a pre-industrial ideal (Labanyi 2007).
Christian ascetics lived extremely austere lifestyles, refraining from sensual pleasures and the accumulation of material wealth, and this model was promoted through the explicit alignment of early Francoism
with the Catholic Church.
Based loosely on Joseph Mankiewicz's cinematic script All about Eve (in Spanish Eva al desnudo), Comicos is not set in Hollywood but is, in fact, in Bardem's own words "un documental apasionado del mundo del teatro"--the theatre of the first decades of Francoism
and the notable control and censure practiced on the theatre particularly.