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Any of various game birds of several genera in the family Phasianidae, especially Francolinus, found in Africa and Asia.

[French, from Italian francolino.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Animals) any African or Asian partridge of the genus Francolinus
[C17: from French, from Old Italian francolino, of unknown origin]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈfræŋ kə lɪn)

any Eurasian or African partridge of the genus Francolinus.
[1585–95; < French < Italian francolino, of obscure orig.]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
A comparative study on the population and habitats of the Grey Francolin Francolinus pondicerianus and Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus in Mang game reserve, Haripur, Pakistan.
The major wildlife species of the area comprise of Cape hare (Lepus capensis), Asiatic Jackal (Canis aureus), Indian crested Porcupine (Hystrix indica), Chukor partridge, Black francolin (Francolinus francolinus) and Grey francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus).
Cyprus is also important for European Roller Coracias garrulus, Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus, Chukar Alectoris chukar and Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus, the latter representing more than one third of the European population.
Ticks on crested francolins, Francolinus sephaena, and on the vegetation on a farm in Limpopo Province, South Africa.
Tracks of ground birds were most likely those of Grey Francolin Francolinus pondicerianus, heard at a distance.
Flora destruction impacts on some valuable fauna of pheasant (Phasianus colchicus), black partridge (Francolinus francolinus) severely both directly and indirectly.
Phasianidae Ptilopachus petroosus Stone partridge Francolinus Clapperton's clappertoni francolin 27.
the chestnut-naped FRANCOLIN, Francolinus castaneicollis
Previous phylogenetic studies of behavior have usually compared species at lower taxonomic levels such as within a genus (Triturus, Arntzen and Sparreboom 1989; Evylaeus, Packer 1991; Francolinus, Crowe et al.
Falconiformes###Falconidae###Grey Francolin Francolinus pondicerianus###YRR###LC###90###1.20919###0.102975###O
-- Alectoris chukar, Alectoris rufa, Alectoris, barbara, Alectoris philbyi), francolins (Francolinus francolinus), hares (Lepus europaeus), mouflons (Ovis orientalis, Ovis gmelini, Ovis musimon, Ovis ammon), raccoons (Procyon lotor), opossums (Didelphis virginiana, and Trichosurus vulpecula) and badgers (Meles meles and Memphitis memphitis).