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1. Any of various shrubs or small trees of the genera Rhamnus and Frangula, including several ornamentals, medicinal species such as the cascara buckthorn, and the invasive species R. cathartica.
2. See bumelia.

[Translation of New Latin cervī spīna : cervī, genitive of cervus, deer, buck + spīna, thorn.]


(Plants) any of several thorny small-flowered shrubs of the genus Rhamnus, esp the Eurasian species R. cathartica, whose berries were formerly used as a purgative: family Rhamnaceae. See also sea buckthorn
[C16: from buck1 (from the spiny branches, imagined as resembling antlers) + thorn]



1. any of several often thorny trees or shrubs of the genus Rhamnus, of the buckthorn family.
2. a thorny tree, Bumelialycioides, of the sapodilla family, common in the southern U.S., having large clusters of white flowers.
[1570–80; translation of New Latin cervi spina]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.buckthorn - a shrub or shrubby tree of the genus Rhamnusbuckthorn - a shrub or shrubby tree of the genus Rhamnus; fruits are source of yellow dyes or pigments
bush, shrub - a low woody perennial plant usually having several major stems
genus Rhamnus, Rhamnus - type genus of the Rhamnaceae: buckthorns
buckthorn berry, yellow berry - fruit of various buckthorns yielding dyes or pigments
bearberry, bearwood, cascara buckthorn, chittamwood, chittimwood, Rhamnus purshianus - shrubby tree of the Pacific coast of the United States; yields cascara sagrada
Carolina buckthorn, indian cherry, Rhamnus carolinianus - deciduous shrub of eastern and central United States having black berrylike fruit; golden-yellow in autumn
California buckthorn, California coffee, coffeeberry, Rhamnus californicus - evergreen shrub of western United States bearing small red or black fruits
alder buckthorn, alder dogwood, Rhamnus frangula - small tree common in Europe
redberry, red-berry, Rhamnus croceus - small spiny evergreen shrub of western United States and Mexico with minute flowers and bright red berries
2.buckthorn - any shrub or small tree of the genus Bumelia
Bumelia, genus Bumelia - deciduous or evergreen American shrubs small trees having very hard wood and milky latex
Bumelia lycioides, shittim, southern buckthorn, shittimwood, mock orange - shrubby thorny deciduous tree of southeastern United States with white flowers and small black drupaceous fruit
black haw, Bumelia lanuginosa, false buckthorn, shittimwood, chittamwood, chittimwood - deciduous tree of southeastern United States and Mexico
bush, shrub - a low woody perennial plant usually having several major stems
3.buckthorn - an Old World plantain with long narrow ribbed leaves widely established in temperate regionsbuckthorn - an Old World plantain with long narrow ribbed leaves widely established in temperate regions
plantain - any of numerous plants of the genus Plantago; mostly small roadside or dooryard weeds with elliptic leaves and small spikes of very small flowers; seeds of some used medicinally


[ˈbʌkθɔːn] Nespino m cerval
References in periodicals archive ?
In the region where this association was described there is the only site of Frangula alnus in Algeria (Belouahem-Abed et al.
tr) Arboles Caiadendron punctatum Viburnum lasiophyllum Morelia parvifolia Oreopanax incisus Frangula sphaerosperma Piper bogotense Barnadesia spinosa Myrcianthes leucoxyla Weinmania tomentosa Oreanthes buxifolius Miconia biappendiculata Myrsine coriacea Palicourea angustifolia Zanthoxylum quindiuense Solanum humboldtianum Chusquea fendleri Culcita coniifolia Palicourea angustifolia Caiadendron punctatum (.
Lutz (2013) counted 689 plants in 2013 along 131m of stream with an extensive overstory (Brewer's willow, California bay, California coffee berry Frangula californica, toyon Heteromeles arbutifolia) and shade that appeared to be adversely impacting Chorro Creek bog thistle.
Scientific name Common name Pre-1940 Trees Acer platanoides Norway maple Ailanthus altissima tree-of-heaven x Alnus glutinosa (D,K,P) black alder Morus alba (K) white mulberry x Pyrus calleryana Callery pear Ulmus pumila Siberian elm Woody vines Ampelopsis brevipedunculata porcelain berry Celastrus orbiculatus oriental bittersweet Hedera helix English ivy Lonicera japonica (D) Japanese honeysuckle Shrubs Berberis thunbergii (K) Japanese barberry x Elaeagnus angustifolia (P) Russian olive Elaeagnus umbellata (P) autumn olive Euonymus alatus burning bush Euonymus fortunei winter-creeper Fallopia japonica Japanese knotweed Frangula alnus (P?
propios de la vegetacion no riparia), ademas de arbustos de medios humedos, como Frangula alnus, Prunus spinosa, Rhamnus cathartica, Crataegus monogyna, etc.
Changes of the average projection cover (%) of shrubs, herbaceous, dwarf shrub, herbaceous and moss species in the burned and control areas Name of species Control Year after fire 1 2 3 4 Shrubs Frangula alnus + + + - + Sorbus aucuparia + - - - - Saplings Quercus robur + - Picea abies + - Herbs and dwarf shrubs Calamagrostis arundinacea 0.
Kajpel RHAMNACEAE Frangula mucronata K' anol (Schltdl.
Al cabo de seis anos retornaria junto con sus padres, Panagiotis e Irene, y sus hermanos, Frangula y John, al pais del norte, ingresando a la English High School of Boston, la primera escuela publica fundada en suelo norteamericano, y de la cual se graduo con honores, superando poco despues los en ese entonces muy rigurosos examenes de admision a la Universidad de Harvard.