Writing about the fallout from Frank Stella
's seminal "Black Paintings," Michael Fried charged that he and Carl Andre had been "fighting for [Stella's] soul." For Fried, Stella's paintings were an apotheosis of Greenbergian modernism; for Andre, harbingers of Minimalist object production.
As to what we're looking at, Frank Stella
's 1966 Minimalist motto still applies: "What you see is what you see."
These functional collages on the verso--evoking Frank Stella
, Josef Albers, and Daniel Buren, among others--could be glimpsed from wall-mounted mirrors set behind the glass frames.
In it, Frank Stella
and the professional tennis player Mimi Kanarek rally on a tennis court using acoustically wired rackets.
In 1967-68, when he made War Room, he was featured in Dorothy Miller's important exhibition "Sixteen Americans" at the Museum of Modern Art, alongside then-emerging artists such as Jay DeFeo, Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, and Frank Stella
. In an interview shortly before his death, Hedrick cantankerously stated, "My career has never really taken off in the usual sense.
The two lesbians from Courbet's Le sommeil, the landscape of Botticelli's Venus (its shell empty, as if it had devoured its figure), the sublime mountain landscape of Caspar David Friedrich in which the sea of fog has swallowed up the wanderer, were juxtaposed with Frank Stella
's jagged lines.
But the reflections are consciously broken--as in the portrait of Frank Stella
and that of Sean Scully, which were rephotographed from found images through mirrors bearing cracks based on these artists' compositions.
"GIVEN THE FINE ARTS, architecture, painting, and sculpture, I feel caught in the middle," Frank Stella
By making Frank Stella
, Robert Rauschenberg, Mark Rothko, and Ad Reinhardt the sole artists represented, the narrative of a purely New York phenomenon is promulgated, drawing a line of demarcation between these painters and the European modernists who tested the dark palette in the early twentieth century.
HAPPY BIRTHDAY to Keith Haring (May 4, 1958), Salvador Dali (May 11, 1904), Frank Stella
(May 12, 1936), Tamara de Lempicka (May 16, 1898), Mary Cassatt, May 22, 1844), Georges Rouault (May 27, 1871).
Back in the 1950s, Farmanfarmaian worked alongside some of modern art's most-famous names, including Andy Warhol, Frank Stella
and Jackson Pollock.
Among other things, the dramatic atmosphere and theatricality, the dialectic of light and shadow, his strong realism, the expansion of the action and movement of his images in the viewer's space and the use of lenses and mirror to display his models on the canvas, are elements that have been assimilated by contemporary artists such as Joseph Beuys, Jannis Kounellis, Andres Serrano and Frank Stella