phrenology(redirected from Franz J. Gall)
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Related to Franz J. Gall: Franz Joseph Haydn
The study of the shape and protuberances of the skull, based on the now discredited belief that they reveal character and mental capacity.
phren′o·log′ic (frĕn′ə-lŏj′ĭk, frē′nə-), phren′o·log′i·cal (-ĭ-kəl) adj.
(Medicine) (formerly) the branch of science concerned with localization of function in the human brain, esp determination of the strength of the faculties by the shape and size of the skull overlying the parts of the brain thought to be responsible for them
phrenological, phrenologic adj
phre•nol•o•gy(frɪˈnɒl ə dʒi, frɛ-)
a system of character analysis based upon the belief that certain faculties and personality traits are indicated by the configurations of the skull.
phren•o•log•ic (ˌfrɛn lˈɒdʒ ɪk) phren`o•log′i•cal, adj.
The study of the shape of the skull as a means of determining character and intelligence. Phrenology has been disproven as a science.
a system by which an analysis of character and of the development of faculties is attempted by studying the shape and protuberances of the skull. — phrenologist, n. — phrenologic, phrenological, adj.See also: Head
1. The study of the shape of the human skull, especially with a view to determining character.
2. This pseudo-science developed in the 19th century and holds that certain characteristics—such as wit, normality, aggression or benevolence—are related to particular parts of the brain and can be recognized by bumps on the contour of the head.
3. Assessing character from the presence of bumps on the head, developed by F. J. Gall in the nineteenth century.