This spot was all the more interesting to me, inasmuch as it was so dearly loved by the Emperor Frederick III
. In the autumn of 1886 I chanced to be there again when he was revisiting this small, forgotten world of happiness for the last time.
While Wittenberg, with its university founded in 1502, became the intellectual center during the rule of Frederick III
(1463-1525), also known as Frederick the Wise, Torgau established itself as the undisputed center of political power.
Dismas, a former mercenary, is now a purveyor of dubious treasures to both Frederick III
of Saxony (oddly, the protector of Martin Luther) and Albrecht of Mainz, who use the relics to increase their glory and glorify their incomes.
At the turn of the 18th century, Frederick III
, Elector of Brandenburg (1657-1713)--later Prussia's first King--employed the widely travelled and extremely versatile architect and sculptor Andreas Schluter (1664-1714) to turn the piecemeal medieval and Renaissance castle into a royal residence which would satisfy baroque ideals of symmetry and grandeur.
We know that he was born in Antwerp, Belgium, and his talent earned him a position of court painter with two Danish kings, Frederick III
(1609-1675) and Christian V (1646-1699).
In 1858 Vicky had married Frederick III
, the son of Germany's leader, Kaiser Wilhelm I, which made Frederick and Vicky's son -- soon to be Kaiser Wilhelm II -- Queen Victoria's grandson.
Both editions are introduced by a dedicatory letter to a prince-elector; the first is addressed to Henry Ottone, the second to Frederick III
Our Fritz: Emperor Frederick III
and the Political Culture of Imperial Germany.
Bismarck endured an unhappy childhood in which he loved his "weak" father and hated his domineering mother--a "parental triangle" that Steinberg sees as an important recurring factor that profoundly shaped Bismarck's later life, as he found himself assailed by two such "triangles" during his career: between Kaiser William I and his wife, Empress Augusta, and between Crown Prince Frederick III
and the Crown Princess Victoria.
ROYAL VISIT Wilhelm, aged five, in his Highlander outfit with his father Frederick III
during one of his many visits to Balmoral
In 1712, however, Schloss Strelitz burnt down and the founder's son, who had recently succeeded as Adolphus Frederick III
, moved to a nearby hunting lodge around which he built a new little capital in the Baroque style, which he inaugurated in 1736 and named Neustrelitz.
He eventually lasted sixteen years as professor of Old Testament studies (and twice rector) at the University of Heidelberg, only to be ousted in 1577 when the Reformed-leaning Elector Frederick III
died and was succeeded by his Lutheran son Ludwig VI, who insisted on appointing his own Lutheran teachers.