fatty acid

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fatty acid

n.
Any of a large group of monoprotic acids, especially those found in animal and vegetable fats and oils, having the general formula CnH2n+1COOH. Characteristically made up of saturated or unsaturated aliphatic compounds with an even number of carbon atoms, this group of acids includes palmitic, stearic, and oleic acids.

fatty acid

n
1. (Biochemistry) any of a class of aliphatic carboxylic acids, such as palmitic acid, stearic acid, and oleic acid, that form part of a lipid molecule
2. (Elements & Compounds) another name for carboxylic acid, used esp of a naturally occurring one

fat′ty ac′id


n.
any of a class of aliphatic acids, esp. palmitic, stearic, or oleic acid, consisting of a long hydrocarbon chain ending in a carboxyl group that bonds to glycerol to form a fat.
[1860–65]

fat·ty acid

(făt′ē)
Any of a large group of organic acids, especially those found in animal and vegetable fats and oils. Fatty acids are mainly composed of long chains of carbon atoms linked to hydrogen atoms. A fatty acid is saturated when the bonds between carbon atoms are all single bonds. It is unsaturated when any of these bonds is a double or triple bond.

fatty acid

A monobasic acid, especially one found in animal fats or vegetable oils.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fatty acid - any of a class of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids that form part of a lipid molecule and can be derived from fat by hydrolysis; fatty acids are simple molecules built around a series of carbon atoms linked together in a chain of 12 to 22 carbon atoms
carboxylic acid - an organic acid characterized by one or more carboxyl groups
saturated fatty acid - a fatty acid whose carbon chain cannot absorb any more hydrogen atoms; found chiefly in animal fats
unsaturated fatty acid - a fatty acid whose carbon chain can absorb additional hydrogen atoms
trans fatty acid - a fatty acid that has been produced by hydrogenating an unsaturated fatty acid (and so changing its shape); found in processed foods such as margarine and fried foods and puddings and commercially baked goods and partially hydrogenated vegetable oils
Translations
mastná kyselina
rasvahappo
acide gras
vetzuur
fettsyra

fatty acid

nFettsäure f

fatty acid

n ácido graso; essential — —ácido graso esencial; monounsaturat-ed — —ácido graso monoinsaturado; omega-3 — — ácido graso omega-3; polyunsaturated — —ácido graso poliinsaturado; saturated — —ácido graso saturado; trans — —ácido graso trans; unsaturated — —ácido graso insaturado
References in periodicals archive ?
The remaining oil is then taken to a series of vessels where it is treated with acids, alkalis and other chemicals to neutralize any remaining hexane and to remove the free fatty acids, the rancidity and the odour.
According to him, oil is taken to a sequence of vessels in which it is treated with acids, alkalis and other chemical compounds to neutralize any last hexane and to remove the free fatty acids, the rancidity and the odor.
Measuring Free Fatty Acids (FFA), Peroxide Value (PV) and Saponification Value (SV): In the present study, rancidity in cookies samples were determined by measuring free fatty acid, peroxide value, and saponification value with and without TWP for 45 days of storage.
In an effort to see what difference diet might make to an obese cat's blood glucose control, researchers fed three diets--one high in carbohydrates, one high in fats, and one high in protein--to healthy-weight and obese cats and measured plasma levels of glucose, insulin, free fatty acids, and triglycerides.
The process combines modified, recovered carbon with sulfuric acids, which is in turn mixed with free fatty acids found in household vegetable oil to produce usable biofuel.
Free fatty acids decrease the efficiency of both alkaline catalysts and separation of biodiesel.
On the other hand, the free fatty acid theory proposes that excessive mobilization of free fatty acids leads to severe vasculitis that is secondary to its histotoxic effects.
Based on Lipogrid technology, the US FDA 510(k) cleared Ceramax allows the physiological lipids to blend in with the skin's natural lipid building blocks and penetrate beyond the stratum corneum, where they contribute to the synthesis of ceramides, cholesterol and other free fatty acids, added the company.
The next stage is neutralisation which is the process that removes free fatty acids from the degummed oil.
The free fatty acids of the control and all the treatments steadily increased during 3 months storage period and were at par with each other.
pneumoniae by releasing anti-bacterial free fatty acids from representative host skin surface triacylglycerols.
Free fatty acids, unsaponifiable matter, refractive index and peroxide value were determined according to the standard methods [8].