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1. Prohibiting slavery: free-soil states.
a. Opposing the extension of slavery before the US Civil War.
b. Free-Soil Of or being a US political party founded in 1848 to oppose the extension of slavery into US territories and the admission of slave states into the Union.

Free′-Soil′er (-soi′lər) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

free′ soil′

a U.S. territory in which slavery was forbidden before the Civil War.
[1840–50, Amer.]


adj. (sometimes l.c.)
1. opposing the extension of slavery into U.S. territories before the Civil War.
2. pertaining to or characteristic of the Free Soil Party.
[1840–50, Amer.]
Free′-Soil′er, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend: - where slavery was prohibited; "a free-soil state"
free - not held in servitude; "after the Civil War he was a free man"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
The guests are warm and merry; they have given up the Judge; and, concluding that the Free-Soilers have him, they will fix upon another candidate.
Congress first as a Whig in 1850, and then as a Free-Soiler in 1852, did
The enthusiasm of Whitman's fellow Manhattan journalist Horace Greeley for going west, for example, came from his conviction that empty western lands were a kind of natural capital, ready to give back abundantly more value to their cultivators, once brought within the sphere of the American economy, than they required in labor.(11) Greeley's fellow free-soiler, Abraham Lincoln, evoked a similar sense of the easy availability of capital in his 1861 address to Congress:
In 1857-58, when pro-slavery mobs turned the settlement of the Kansas territory into "bleeding Kansas,'' Higginson became a gun runner carrying guns and weapons to the free-soilers who were emigrating to the Kansas territory.
Clark Kent's human family, for example, has been reimagined as the descendants of Kansas Free-Soilers and abolitionists.
The free-soilers whom Douglas courted became upset at the prospect that slave labor might damage their opportunity for a fresh start in life.
Hammond, and other incipient southern nationalists lauded as part of the genius of southern institutions, that led many free-soilers and incipient Republicans to castigate the South as a cryptoaristocratic "mudsill democracy."
Rochester, but rather to an abolitionist named Thomas Newton, who brings her to "bloody Kansas" in the 1850s when that territory was the site of fierce hostilities between abolitionists (also known as free-soilers) and pro-slavery frontiersmen.
In 1849 the Whigs and Free-Soilers in Michigan combined to support Flavius T.
In January 1851, Brownson published his review-essay entitled "The Higher Law," in which he refuted the claim of Seward, the Abolitionists, and the Free-Soilers to transcend the Constitution by appealing to a moral "higher law" during debate on the Fugitive Slave Bill.