French composer Fromental Halevy
(1799-1862)--teacher of Gounod, SaintSaens and Bizet--is best known for composing La juive, a once hugely popular opera that was staged by the Met in 1919 as a vehicle for Enrico Caruso, but rarely heard today.
A prolific composer, his melodies share the ravishing lush ness of French opera, two of whose most successful composers were Jewish: Fromental Halevy
and Giacomo Meyerbeer (an early and ardent supporter of Wagner, but never mind).
Some of the composers frequently represented in the first effort include Andre-Ernest-Modeste Gretry (1741-1813), Nicolas-Marie Dalayrac (1753-1809), Pierre Gaveaux (1761-1825), Henri-Montan Berton (1767-1844), Nicolas Isouard (1775-1818), Francois Adrien Boieldieu (1775-1834), Fromental Halevy
(1799-1862), and Adolphe Adam (1803-1856).
; His Life and music (Loudon: Kahn and Averill, 1994); and Diana R.
These institutions come to life through the actions and opinions of tenor Jean-Raptiste Chollet in Olivier Bara's first chapter; theater director Leon Carvalho in Lesley Wright's fifth chapter; the several theater managers at the time of the Second Empire in Katharine Ellis' third chapter; composers/administrators Fromental Halevy
in Diana R.
Four instances from the early 1800s--three of them foreign-born--are Gasparo Spontini (a favorite of Empress Josephine), Luigi Cherubini, Fromental Halevy
, and Giacomo Meyer-beer.
In 1869 Bizet, at 31, married the 20-year-old daughter of his renowned piano teacher at the Music Conservatory, Fromental Halevy
. What Bizet didn't know was that the whole Halevy family worshipped money; his new mother-in-law was emotionally unstable, and his pretty bride was not the ideal helpmate.