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An allotrope of carbon composed of any of various cagelike molecules that consist only of an even number of carbon atoms, are often spherical in shape, and are composed of hexagonal and pentagonal groups of atoms.

[After Richard Buckminster Fuller (from the resemblance of their configurations to his geodesic domes) + -ene.]


(Elements & Compounds) any of various carbon molecules with a polyhedral structure similar to that of buckminsterfullerene, such as C70, C76, and C84. See also buckminsterfullerene


(ˈfʊl əˌrin)
any of a class of large carbon molecules consisting of a roughly spherical shell.
[1985–90; after R. Buckminster Fuller]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fullerene - a form of carbon having a large molecule consisting of an empty cage of sixty or more carbon atoms
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
buckminsterfullerene, buckyball - a spheroidal fullerene; the first known example of a fullerene
carbon nanotube, nanotube - a fullerene molecule having a cylindrical or toroidal shape
atomic number 6, carbon, C - an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds
References in periodicals archive ?
What we find in our study is this particular system -- nanotubes with fullerenes -- have an exceptionally low reorganization energy and the nanotubes themselves probably have very, very low reorganization energy," said Jeffrey Blackburn, a senior scientist at NREL and co-author of the paper "Tuning the driving force for exciton dissociation in single-walled carbon nanotube heterojunctions.
Over the past decade, nanoparticles based on the molecular carbon form known as fullerenes are considered as promising and efficient ROS scavengers.
Contributors from the physical sciences focus on developments in endohedral fullerenes since the previous collection of articles on them a decade ago.
Shungite was first described from a deposit near Shunga village, in Karelia, Russia, and it has been reported to contain fullerenes (molecules of carbon in the form of hollow spheres, tubes and other shapes; Reznikov and Polekhovskii, 2000).
Olmstead, C 60 Cl 6 , C 60 Br 8 and C 60 (NO 2 ) 6 as selective tools in organic synthesis Fullerenes, Nanot.
Finally, the work will move beyond our knowledge of known structurally characterized fullerenes by the development of non-carbon based alternatives within and beyond the fullerene topology.
Fullerenes is a molecule composed entirely of carbon, in the form of a hollow sphere, and are similar in structure to graphite, which is composed of stacked graphene sheets of linked hexagonal rings, but they may also contain pentagonal.
They also typically use fullerenes as the acceptor material due to its high electron mobility and inherent talent for accepting stable electrons.
While the physical properties of the graphene, carbon nanotubes and fullerenes materials are considered to be unique they have, until now, proven to be difficult to manufacture in quantity.
The cages have faces of 12 regular pentagons and up to 480 irregular hexagons, which puts them into a category of shapes called fullerenes.
Buckminster Fullerenes were introduced in 1980 as an additional form of carbon.