and Thomson (Fumariaceae
) is a herb locally named as shampoo (Balti) and reported as hair tonic in Shigar valley Baltistan  and also this plant is used for the treatment of eye diseases or eye-sight improvement in Chapursan valley Gilgit .
Fumaria indica Papra Th Lep (HaussKan) Geraniaceae Geranium SraJarai Th Mic wallichianum Oliv.
Habitat: A perennial member of the Fumariaceae
family, growing to about 30cm in moist woodland areas in Europe and Asia, with feathery, coriander-type leaves that emanate from a rough, brown, hairy bulb and support spikes of violet to white flowers arranged in terminal racemes, the upper petal stretching into a long spur.
Fumaria officinalis L., known as common fumitory, drug fumitory, or earth smoke, is a plant of Fumaria genus that belongs to the Fumariaceae
Described alkaloids are widespread in nature, although their highest content can be found in plants, in various representatives of Berberidaceae, Papaveraceae, Ranunculaceae, Rutaceae, Fumariaceae
, or Menispermaceae [1, 6].
2) Fumaria indica/officinalis: The genus Fumaria (Fumariaceae
) consists of 46 species in the world and are known as "fumitory, earth smoke, beggary, fumus, vapor, fumittery or wax dolls" in English.
(Fumitory Family) Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernh.--CW, SW; MWL; Infrequent; C = 6; BSUH 19744.
Opletal et al., "Corylucinine, a new alkaloid from Corydalis cava (Fumariaceae
), and its cholinesterase activity," Natural Products Communications, vol.
Tsay, "Cytokinin-induced somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration in Corydalisyanhusuo (Fumariaceae
)--a medicinal plant," Plant Science, vol.
Scoulerine which is isolated from Corydalis cava (Fumariaceae
), used in folk medicine in the treatment of memory dysfunctions, was found to be active as BACE1 (beta-secretase 1) inhibitor .
Chemotaxonomy of Papaveraceae and Fumariaceae
. In: The Chemistry and Biology of Isoquinoline Alkaloids, Proceedings in Life Sciences.