Within the machine, hydrogen plasma will ultimately be heated to 150,000,000degC - 10 times hotter than the centre of the sun - to trigger a fusion reaction
According to the release, when hydrogen fuses with boron in a laser-catalyzed fusion reaction
, no neutrons are produced and there is no uncontrolled radioactivity to be accounted for in its primary reaction.
However, harnessing commercially-viable fusion power involves serious technological challenges, including protecting the wall of the reactor vessel at extremely high temperatures and controlling the fusion reaction
areas that the CRP helped to address.
Had this star formed with only a slightly lower mass, the fusion reaction
of hydrogen in its core could not be sustained, and the star would instead have transformed into a brown dwarf.
The easiest fusion reaction
to replicate in the lab is between two hydrogen isotopes, deuterium, extracted from water, and tritium, produced during the fusion reaction
in contact with lithium.
Attempts to develop a controlled fusion reaction
revolve around forcing two hydrogen isotopes (deuterium and tritium) to collide in a similar way.
Tri Alpha's setup borrows some of the principles of high-energy particle accelerators, such as the Large Hadron Collider, to fire beams of plasma into a central vessel where the fusion reaction
The goal is to achieve a sustainable fusion reaction
capable of powering homes or propelling spaceships.
the silver nanoparticles are selectively adsorbed through chemisorption on a certain surface-modificated substrate surface, and that the particles exhibit a particle-particle fusion reaction
Once ITER is up and running, it's expected to demonstrate a controlled fusion reaction
that produces an energy surplus.
Given the resources, I believe scientists will discover new ways and means of delivering green and affordable electricity, such as the recent development of a controlled nuclear fusion reaction
, using computer designed magnets without the need for huge inputs of electricity.
Of the various designs for nuclear fusion reaction
, one reactor type has been developed in the US to generate power cheaper than a new coal-fired plant's electricity (see below).