GI hormones

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Related to GI hormones: gastric hormones
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Noun1.GI hormones - hormones that affect gastrointestinal functioning
endocrine, hormone, internal secretion - the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
gastrin - polypeptide hormone secreted by the mucous lining of the stomach; when peptides and amino acids are present in the small intestine the secretion of gastric acid is stimulated
cholecystokinin - a gastrointestinal hormone that stimulates the secretion of pancreatic enzymes and the contraction and emptying of the gall bladder; its release is stimulated by the presence of fatty acids and amino acids in the small intestine
secretin - a gastrointestinal hormone that stimulates the secretion of water and bicarbonate from the pancreas and bile ducts whenever the stomach empties too much acid into the small intestine
ghrelin - a gastrointestinal hormone produced by epithelial cells lining the fundus of the stomach; appears to be a stimulant for appetite and feeding, but is also a strong stimulant of growth hormone secretion from the anterior pituitary
motilin - a gastrointestinal hormone that apparently participates in controlling smooth muscle contractions in the stomach and small intestine
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
[7] evaluated both proximal and distal GI hormones in fasting state and postprandial state in STC patients, highlighting that the proximal gut GI hormones (cholecystokinin, gastrin, and pancreatic polypeptide) apart from motilin increased, whereas the distal gut ones (neurotensin and polypeptide YY) decreased.
In the same period, the levels of GI hormones and [alpha]-amylase activity were the highest in the IC group.
Thus, tasting and chewing food elicits hormonal release prior to nutrient absorption and stimulates secretion of GI hormones, which in turn increase bowel peristalsis and time to return of normal GI function (Di Fronz, Cymerman, & O'Connell, 1999; Miedema & Johnson, 2003).