grate

(redirected from GRAT)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia.
Related to GRAT: gratis

grate

frame of metal bars; irritate; vex; irk; to have an irritating effect: His constant complaining grates on my nerves.
Not to be confused with:
great – immense; notable; momentous; exalted; grand: a great performance

grate 1

 (grāt)
v. grat·ed, grat·ing, grates
v.tr.
1. To reduce to fragments, shreds, or powder by rubbing against an abrasive surface.
2. To cause to make a harsh grinding or rasping sound through friction: grated her teeth in anger.
3. To irritate or annoy persistently: It always grates me to get put on hold.
4. Archaic To rub or wear away.
v.intr.
1. To make a harsh rasping sound: an old gate grating in the wind.
2. To cause irritation or annoyance: a noise that grates on one's nerves.
n.
A harsh rasping sound made by scraping or rubbing: the grate of a key in a lock.

[Middle English graten, from Old French grater, to scrape, of Germanic origin.]

grate 2

 (grāt)
n.
1. A framework of parallel or latticed bars for blocking an opening.
2. A framework of metal bars used to hold fuel or food in a stove, furnace, or fireplace.
3. A fireplace.
4. A perforated iron plate or screen for sieving and grading crushed ore.
tr.v. grat·ed, grat·ing, grates
To equip with a grate.

[Middle English, from Medieval Latin grāta, alteration of Latin crātis, wickerwork.]

grate

(ɡreɪt)
vb
1. (Cookery) (tr) to reduce to small shreds by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface: to grate carrots.
2. to scrape (an object) against something or (objects) together, producing a harsh rasping sound, or (of objects) to scrape with such a sound
3. (intr; foll by on or upon) to annoy
n
a harsh rasping sound
[C15: from Old French grater to scrape, of Germanic origin; compare Old High German krazzōn]

grate

(ɡreɪt)
n
1. (Building) a framework of metal bars for holding fuel in a fireplace, stove, or furnace
2. a less common word for fireplace
3. (Building) another name for grating1
4. (Mining & Quarrying) mining a perforated metal screen for grading crushed ore
vb
(tr) to provide with a grate or grates
[C14: from Old French grate, from Latin crātis hurdle]

grate1

(greɪt)

n., v. grat•ed, grat•ing. n.
1. a frame of metal bars for holding fuel when burning, as in a fireplace, furnace, or stove.
2. a framework of parallel or crossed bars used as a partition, guard, cover, or the like; grating.
v.t.
4. to furnish with a grate or grates.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin grāta a grating, variant of crāta, derivative of Latin crātis wickerwork, hurdle; compare crate]
grate′less, adj.

grate2

(greɪt)

v. grat•ed, grat•ing. v.i.
1. to have an irritating effect: His chatter grates on my nerves.
2. to make a sound of rough scraping.
3. to sound harshly; jar: to grate on the ear.
4. to rub with rough or noisy friction.
v.t.
5. to reduce to small particles by rubbing against a rough surface or a surface with many sharp-edged openings: to grate a carrot.
6. to rub together with a harsh sound: to grate one's teeth.
7. to irritate; annoy.
8. Archaic. to abrade.
[1375–1425; < Old French grater < Germanic; compare Old High German chrazzōn to scratch]
grat′er, n.

grate


Past participle: grated
Gerund: grating

Imperative
grate
grate
Present
I grate
you grate
he/she/it grates
we grate
you grate
they grate
Preterite
I grated
you grated
he/she/it grated
we grated
you grated
they grated
Present Continuous
I am grating
you are grating
he/she/it is grating
we are grating
you are grating
they are grating
Present Perfect
I have grated
you have grated
he/she/it has grated
we have grated
you have grated
they have grated
Past Continuous
I was grating
you were grating
he/she/it was grating
we were grating
you were grating
they were grating
Past Perfect
I had grated
you had grated
he/she/it had grated
we had grated
you had grated
they had grated
Future
I will grate
you will grate
he/she/it will grate
we will grate
you will grate
they will grate
Future Perfect
I will have grated
you will have grated
he/she/it will have grated
we will have grated
you will have grated
they will have grated
Future Continuous
I will be grating
you will be grating
he/she/it will be grating
we will be grating
you will be grating
they will be grating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been grating
you have been grating
he/she/it has been grating
we have been grating
you have been grating
they have been grating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been grating
you will have been grating
he/she/it will have been grating
we will have been grating
you will have been grating
they will have been grating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been grating
you had been grating
he/she/it had been grating
we had been grating
you had been grating
they had been grating
Conditional
I would grate
you would grate
he/she/it would grate
we would grate
you would grate
they would grate
Past Conditional
I would have grated
you would have grated
he/she/it would have grated
we would have grated
you would have grated
they would have grated

grate

To shred food by rubbing it against a grater.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.grate - a frame of iron bars to hold a firegrate - a frame of iron bars to hold a fire
framework - a structure supporting or containing something
furnace - an enclosed chamber in which heat is produced to heat buildings, destroy refuse, smelt or refine ores, etc.
cooking stove, kitchen range, kitchen stove, stove, range - a kitchen appliance used for cooking food; "dinner was already on the stove"
2.grate - a harsh rasping sound made by scraping something
noise - sound of any kind (especially unintelligible or dissonant sound); "he enjoyed the street noises"; "they heard indistinct noises of people talking"; "during the firework display that ended the gala the noise reached 98 decibels"
3.grate - a barrier that has parallel or crossed bars blocking a passage but admitting airgrate - a barrier that has parallel or crossed bars blocking a passage but admitting air
barrier - a structure or object that impedes free movement
radiator grille, grille - grating that admits cooling air to car's radiator
Verb1.grate - furnish with a grate; "a grated fireplace"
furnish, provide, supply, render - give something useful or necessary to; "We provided the room with an electrical heater"
2.grate - gnaw into; make resentful or angry; "The injustice rankled her"; "his resentment festered"
annoy, devil, gravel, irritate, nark, rile, vex, nettle, rag, bother, chafe, get at, get to - cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations; "Mosquitoes buzzing in my ear really bothers me"; "It irritates me that she never closes the door after she leaves"
3.grate - reduce to small shreds or pulverize by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface; "grate carrots and onions"; "grate nutmeg"
rub - move over something with pressure; "rub my hands"; "rub oil into her skin"
4.grate - make a grating or grinding sound by rubbing together; "grate one's teeth in anger"
gnash - grind together, of teeth
fragment, fragmentise, fragmentize, break up - break or cause to break into pieces; "The plate fragmented"
chew, manducate, masticate, jaw - chew (food); to bite and grind with the teeth; "He jawed his bubble gum"; "Chew your food and don't swallow it!"; "The cows were masticating the grass"
5.grate - scratch repeatedly; "The cat scraped at the armchair"
paw - scrape with the paws; "The bear pawed the door"
rub - move over something with pressure; "rub my hands"; "rub oil into her skin"

grate

verb
1. shred, mince, pulverize Grate the cheese into a mixing bowl.
2. scrape, grind, rub, scratch, creak, rasp His chair grated as he got to his feet.
grate on someone or grate on someone's nerves annoy, irritate, aggravate (informal), gall, exasperate, nettle, jar, vex, chafe, irk, rankle, peeve, get under your skin (informal), get up your nose (informal), get on your nerves (informal), nark (Brit., Austral., & N.Z. slang), set your teeth on edge, get on your wick (Brit. slang), rub you up the wrong way His manner always grated on me.

grate

verb
To bring or come into abrasive contact, often with a harsh grating sound:
Translations
مَوْقِد مُشَبَّكيَبْشُرُيَبْشُر الجُبْن أو الخُضراواتيَخْدِش الآذان
strouhatdrásatdrážditmříž
riveirriterekaminrist
raastaa
ribati
fara í taugarnar árífarist
すりおろす
쇠살대
kaitinātkrist uz nerviemrežģisrīvēt
strúhať
strgati
riva
ขูดออก
ocak ızgarasırendelemeksinirine dokunmakşömine ızgarası
nạo

grate

1 [greɪt] N (= grid) → parrilla f; (= fireplace) → chimenea f

grate

2 [greɪt]
A. VT
1. [+ cheese etc] → rallar
grated cheesequeso m rallado
2. (= scrape) [+ metallic object, chalk etc] → hacer chirriar
to grate one's teethhacer rechinar los dientes
B. VI
1. [chalk, hinge etc] → chirriar (on, against al desplazarse por)
2. (fig) it really grates (on me)me pone los pelos de punta
to grate on the earhacer daño a los oídos
it grates on my nervesme pone los nervios de punta, me destroza los nervios

grate

[ˈgreɪt]
n (in fireplace)grille f de foyer
A fire was burning in the grate
BUT Un feu brûlait dans l'âtre.
vi
(= make a sound) → grincer
to grate on sth (= scrape) → crisser sur qch
(= be annoying) [style] → être agaçant(e)
to grate on sb (= annoy) → agacer qn
vt [+ cheese, carrots] → râper
to grate some cheese → râper du fromage

grate

1
n (= grid)Gitter nt; (in fire) → (Feuer)rost m; (= fireplace)Kamin m

grate

2
vt
(Cook) → reiben; vegetablesraspeln, reiben
(bottom of car, boat etc: = scrape) → streifen; (person: = make a grating noise with) → kratzen mit; one’s teethknirschen mit
vi (= scrape)streifen (→ against +acc); (= make a noise)kratzen; (rusty door)quietschen; (feet on gravel)knirschen; (fig)wehtun (on sb jdm), krank machen (on sb jdn); to grate on somebody’s nervesjdm auf die Nerven gehen; this phrase grates on the eardieser Ausdruck hört sich schlimm an

grate

1 [greɪt] n (in fireplace) → grata, griglia

grate

2 [greɪt]
1. vt
a. (cheese) → grattugiare, grattare
b. (scrape, metallic object, chalk) → far stridere
to grate one's teeth → digrignare i denti
2. vi (hinge) → cigolare, stridere
to grate (on or against) (chalk) → stridere (su)
it really grates (on me) (fig) → mi dà veramente ai or sui nervi

grate1

(greit) noun
a framework of iron bars for holding a fire in a fireplace.

grate2

(greit) verb
1. to rub (cheese, vegetables etc) into small pieces by means of a grater.
2. to irritate. His voice grates on me.
ˈgrater noun
an instrument with a rough surface on which cheese, vegetables etc can be grated.
ˈgrating adjective
(of sounds) unpleasant.

grate

يَبْشُرُ strouhat rive raspeln τρίβω rallar raastaa râper ribati grattugiare すりおろす 쇠살대 raspen raspe utrzeć ralar тереть riva ขูดออก şömine ızgarası nạo 磨碎
References in classic literature ?
There happened to be a still higher summit (called the Gorner Grat), above the hotel, and notwithstanding the fact that it overlooks a glacier from a dizzy height, and that the ascent is difficult and dangerous, I resolved to venture up there and boil a thermometer.
It was far in the night, and the bairnies grat, The mither beneath the mools heard that, when Miss Cathy, who had listened to the hubbub from her room, put her head in, and whispered, - 'Are you alone, Nelly?'
* If the GRAT holds interests in closely held passthrough entities that make tax distributions to the entities' owners, the distribution should be treated as having been made to the GRAT and then transferred by the GRAT to the grantor.
At the expiration of the annuity term, any property remaining in the GRAT passes to designated beneficiaries free of tax, notes Doug Siegler, a tax partner at Sutherland, Asbill and Brennan, Washington, D.C.
However, in contrast to the GRAT, the GRUT will provide increasing payments to the grantor if the value of the trust increases (or decreasing payments if the value of the trust decreases).
The carnage of federal legislation, the battering of family limited partnerships and the threat to various appreciation-removal techniques, such as GRATs, have left an indelible mark on the estate-planning profession.
If no home is purchased within that time, the trust will cease to be a QPRT and the trustee must either distribute the proceeds back to the grantor or convert the trust to a GRAT within 30 days.
Commissioner, 115 TC 589 (2000), the Tax Court held that it is possible to structure a GRAT on a "zeroed out" basis so the value of the grantor's retained annuity exactly equals the value of the property transferred to the trust.
A GRAT essentially combines a trust that is established for a certain predetermined period of time with an annuity that pays the trust creator (the grantor) a set value each year of the trust's existence.
Headquartered at the Vienna University of Technology in Austria, GrAT is an independent research association established in 1986, which has been the strong driving force in promoting carbon-neutral operations and sustainable tourism in the Philippines and Thailand through its project called Zero Carbon Resorts (ZCR).
If the business grew at 10% each year, as mentioned, there will be $1,061,312 left in the GRAT that can transfer directly to another family member without using any transfer tax exemption amount.
Here's a look at answers to five basic GRAT questions financial professionals need to understand to talk about the topic.