gamma-aminobutyric acid

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gam·ma-a·mi·no·bu·tyr·ic acid

 (găm′ə-ə-mē′nō-byo͞o-tîr′ĭk, -ăm′ə-)
n. Abbr. GABA
An amino acid, C4H9NO2, that is not found in proteins, but occurs in the central nervous system and is associated with the transmission of nerve impulses.

gamma-aminobutyric acid

(Biochemistry) the full name for GABA


(ˈgæb ə)

gamma-aminobutyric acid: a neurotransmitter that inhibits excitatory responses.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pharmacological studies have shown that motor cortical plastic changes due to use are related to the activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GAB-Aergic) and that motor skill learning decreases the GABAergic inhibition in intracortical cycles (29).
Researchers have found a key that allows those microRNA-deficient pluripotent stem cells to differentiate into neural cells, including subtypes with markers for dopaminergic, glutamatergic and GABAergic neurons.
2]O are linked to endogenous release of opiates, and recent research links its anxiolytic activity to the facilitation of GABAergic inhibitory and N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA)-mediated transmission.
The effects of inhibitors of GABAergic transmission and stress on brain and plasma allopregnanolone concentrations.
The original microBrain model is composed of human iPSC-derived neural cells containing populations of glutamatergic and GABAergic neurons and astrocytes.
Electrical and GABAergic synaptic transmission is required for coordinated firing during global rapid motion.
New research by scientists at the University of Pittsburgh provides an unprecedented level of resolution and insight into disturbances in cortical GABAergic microcircuits, which are thought to underlie cognitive impairments in schizophrenia.
In another study it was reported that olanzapine counteracts stress-induced, anxiety-like behavior in rats via an indirect effect on the GABAergic system.
sup][20] demonstrated that the GABAergic substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr)-pedunculopontine nucleus (PPN) projections could control the muscle tone of movements during wakefulness and modulate REM-sleep atonia by activating the cholinergic PPN neurons.
This sleep-promoting effect is probably mediated through the GABAergic neurotransmitter system," Mr.